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Deine Seite für Europäische und Mediterrane Amphibien und Reptilien

Tote durch Schlangenbisse (nur heimische Arten) in Europa.
(Daten aus 21 von insgesamt 36 Ländern = 58%).

Falls Du von neuen tödlichen Unfällen hören solltest, oder abweichende Daten weist, bitte sende mir eine mail, um diese Tabelle auf dem Laufenden zu halten.

In der Literatur werden bis zu 100 tödliche Unfälle pro Jahr für Europa genannt.
Der WHO report 1998 gibt 30 pro Jahr für Europa an.
Eine Kurzmitteilung in "New Scientist" vom 2. Dezember 1995 nennt 95 Tote durch rund 77.000 Bisse während der letzten 125 Jahre (bis 1995?).

Hier sind die Daten für jedes Land unseres Kontinents, die mir durch dort Ansässige gemailt wurden (ich danke ihnen dafür!).

Country/Land: Information by: 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Albania                  
Austria diverse none known since at least 30 years  
Belarus                  
Belgium Pedro Janssen
J. Speybroeck
none in recent times  
BiH                  
Bulgaria B. Naumov no data  
Croatia B. Horvatic 2 by V. ammodytes
before 2004i)
1 by V. ammodytesa) 1 by V. ammodytesb)          
Czech Rep. G. Gadjukin 1 by Vipera berus on May, 11th, 2000e)
1 by V. latastei on February 24th, 2003f)
 
Denmark                  
Estonia P. Poldsam No deaths known since at least 15 to 20 years  
Finland M. Niskanen none since 1982  
France                  
Germany D. Bohle 2004: 81 years old woman on Rügen island (Baltic Sea)  
Great Britain J. Foster, W. Wüster none since 1975  
Greece M. Wilson, D. Buttle 1 by M. xanthina on Lesvosh) 1 by V. ammodytes on Corfuc)            
Hungary L. Krecsak 2 by Vipera berus since 1960  
Italy H. Billing   1 by V. aspis on June 25th            
Latvia                  
Lithuania                  
Macedonia S. Boguljub       1 by V. ammodytes        
Moldova                  
Montenegro R. Ajtic none as long as a part of Serbia        
Netherlands P. Janssen none since 1946        
Norway P. Poldssam none since about 15 years ago        
Poland                  
Portugal J. Brito                
Romania L. Krecsak, V. Cioflec 4 by V. ammodytes, but none in the last 7 years        
Russia (europ.)                  
Serbia R.Ajtic                
Slovenia V. Cafuta none since 1945, maybe longerd)        
Slovakia                  
Spain                  
Sweden                  
Switzerland H. Schmocker none since 1961        
Turkey (europ.) N. Igcy none known for european part        
Ukraine                  
Total  
1
2
1
         

a) 69 years old woman,
b) 1,5 month old boy, bitten in face,
c) seventyish years old woman on Corfu
d) Dr. Tome mentioned that she heard of a case of soldier that was bitten in the neck by venomous snake and died, but she doesn't know if it is true or just "a tale for scaring people,
e) near Litvinov in Krizatky village. Adult Vipera berus bit about 50 years old man to his hand. He died after 14 days in hospital of Most. Cause was strong alergic reaction.,
f) Mr. Petr Vozenilek. He died in February 24. 2003 after he was bitten by adult female Vipera latastei from his breeding (no native species in Czech, but an European one).
g) 15 yeasrs old boy in Mandamados village, Lesvos island.
h) boy on Mount Lepitimnos, Lesvos island.
i) see: Luksic, Bradaric & Prgomet, 2006