Taxonomic changes and additions

New Genus/Species/Subspecies, transfer to another Genus, revaluate to full species, etc. (for the area covered here within this database)

The Italian treefrogs have been splitted into two species:
Hyla intermedia and the new Hyla perrini

DUFRENES, MAZEPA, RODRIGUEZ, BRELSFORD, LITVINCHUK, SERMIER, LAVANCHY, BETTO-COLLIARD, BLASER, BORZÉE, CAVOTO, FABRE, GHALI, GROSSEN, HORN et al. (2018): Genomic Evidence for Cryptic Speciation in Tree Frogs From the Apennine Peninsula, With Description of Hyla perrini sp. nov.- Front. Ecol. Evol. 6:144. 18 pp. open access

Despite increasing appreciation of the speciation continuum, delimiting and describing new species is a major yet necessary challenge of modern phylogeography to help optimize conservation efforts. In amphibians, the lack of phenotypic differences between closely-related taxa, their complex, sometimes unresolved phylogenetic relationships, and their potential to hybridize all act to blur taxonomic boundaries. Here we implement a multi-disciplinary approach to evaluate the nature of two deeply-diverged mitochondrial lineages previously documented in Italian tree frogs (Hyla intermedia s. l.), distributed north and south of the Northern Apennine Mountains. Based on evidence from mitochondrial phylogenetics, nuclear phylogenomics, hybrid zone population genomics, niche modeling analyses, and biometric assessments, we propose that these lineages be considered distinct, cryptic species. Both mitochondrial and nuclear data affirm that they belong to two monophyletic clades of Pliocene divergence (~3.5 My), only admixing over a relatively narrow contact zone restricted to the southeast of the Po Plain (50–100 km). These characteristics are comparable to similarly-studied parapatric amphibians bearing a specific status. Inferred from their current geographic distribution, the two Italian tree frogs feature distinct ecological niches (<15% of niche overlap), raising questions regarding potential adaptive components contributing to their incipient speciation. However, we found no diagnostic morphological and bioacoustic differences between them. This system illustrates the speciation continuum of Western-Palearctic tree frogs and identifies additional cryptic lineages of similar divergence to be treated as separate species (H. cf. meridionalis). We recommend combined approaches using genomic data as applied here for the future taxonomic assessment of cryptic diversity in alloparapatric radiations of terrestrial vertebrates, especially in controversial taxa. Finally, we formally described the northern Italian tree frogs as a new species, Hyla perrini sp. nov.

A new name for Algyroides marchi: Algyroides hildagoi

Algyroides hildagoi has priority over Algyroides marchi!

Sánchez-Vialas, A., M. Calvo-Revuelta & M. García-París (2018): Taxonomic and nomenclatural status of Iberian Algyroides (Lacertidae).- Amphibia-Reptilia (2018) DOI:10.1163/15685381-20181016; 12 pp.

The taxonomy and nomenclature of Iberian Algyroides are problematic. The ?rst taxon described, A. hidalgoi Boscá, 1916, was based on a single specimen that was subsequently lost. The description of the second taxon, A. marchi Valverde, 1958, was based on the comparison of a newly discovered population with the original description of A. hidalgoi. However, A. hidalgoi specimens have never been recorded since for any locality. Therefore, three questions need to be addressed: Is A. hidalgoi Boscá, 1916 a morphologically diagnosable taxon different from all non-Iberian species of Algyroides?are A. hidalgoi and A. marchi conspeci?c? And if so, which is the correct name for the species? To clarify the taxonomic status of the Iberian Algyroides we (1) compare Boscá’s A. hidalgoi original description against the descriptions of all other species of Algyroides, (2) test the accuracy of Boscá’s A. hidalgoi by comparing it against 204 Iberian museum specimens, and (3) designate a neotype of A. hidalgoi that ?ts the head pholidosis described in the original description. We show that none of the diagnostic characters used by Valverde to differentiate between A. hidalgoi and A. marchi are actually diagnostic, as we found high levels of variability on those characters in the studied specimens. Our results validate Boscá’s description of A. hidalgoi, which ?ts within the morphological variability observed for southern Iberian Algyroides. As a result, we propose the strict synonymy of A. marchi Valverde, 1958 with A. hidalgoi Boscá, 1916

A new subspecies of the Transcaucasian at Snake Zamenis hoheneckeri has been described:

Zamenis hohenackeri lyciensis HOFMANN, MEBERT, SCHULZ, HELFENBERGER, GÖÇMEN & BÖHME, 2018, distributed in SW Anatolia, Turkey.

HOFMANN, S., K. MEBERT, K.-D. SCHULZ, N. HELFENBERGER, B. GÖÇMEN & W. BÖHME (2018): A new subspecies of Zamenis hohenackeri (Strauch, 1873) (Serpentes: Colubridae) based on morphological and molecular data -- Zootaxa 4471 (1): 137–15.

Based on morphological characteristics, two subspecies of the Transcaucasian rat snake (Zamenis hohenackeri) are currently recognized, namely Z. h. tauricus and Z. h. hohenackeri. Both subspecies are repeatedly considered to be conspecific colour morphs, or have even been confused with Z. situla. Although, few studies involved the Transcaucasian rat snake in a phylogenetic approach, none has so far led to any taxonomic changes. We assessed the intraspecific morphological variation and phylogeographic relationships among specimens from different locations across its updated distribution. Our molecular (1191 bp mtDNA, 565 bp nuDNA) and morphological data provide sufficient evidence to support three distinct lineages within the Z. hohenackeri complex with a different arrangement compared to a previous study. These represent the subspecies Z. h. hohenackeri, Z. h. tauricus, and a lineage from southwestern Turkey which is described as a new subspecies. Aspects of historical biogeography and conservation status are briefly discussed.

From subspecies to species.
Darevskia parvula adjarica is Darevskia adjarica now.

OSCAR ARRIBAS, ÇETIN ILGAZ & YUSUF KUMLUTAS (2018): Reevaluation of the intraspecific variability in Darevskia parvula (Lantz & Cyren, 1913): an integrated approach using morphology, osteology and genetics (Squamata: Lacertidae).- Zootaxa 4472 (1): 071–099

The intraspecific variability of Darevskia parvula (which has two classical subspecies easily identifiable by external characteristics, D. p. parvula and D. p. adjarica), was studied using various approaches including morphology (scalation and biometry), multivariate analyses (PCA, CDA, ANOSIM, UPGMA and MST), osteology, and molecular techniques. High mitochondrial distance, differences at the nuclear level and morphological distinctiveness warrant the specific status of both taxa, Darevskia parvula (Lantz & Cyrén, 1913) and Darevskia adjarica (Darevsky & Eiselt, 1980) stat. nov. A lectotype for D. parvula, originally described with syntypes of both species -D. parvula and D. adjarica- is designated. The uncorrected genetic distance between D. parvula and D. adjarica in the cytochrome b mitochondrial gene is 14.4% ± 1.9%. Intraspecific variability within D. parvula is very small (1.5% ± 0.5%), and was not detected in our samples of D. adjarica. The two species further differ by two mutations in the nuclear melano-cortin 1 receptor (mc1r) gene. Interestingly, past introgression of D. parvula mitochondrial haplotypes (5% ± 1% different to those currently known) into some D. adjarica has been detected in one locality; all the studied specimens of D. adjarica with mtDNA of D. parvula are unmistakably D. adjarica at the morphological and nuclear levels. Morphologically, there is almost no overlap between D. parvula and D. adjarica. These results are corroborated by CDA, MST and UPGMA trees. Specimens of the inland high mountain population of Ardahan (clearly D. adjarica in CDA, MST and UPGMA trees) occupy a somewhat intermediate position between both taxa in the PCA (when specimens and not populations as a whole are considered), but this morphological closeness may be attributed to the influence of climatic factors (continental conditions) on scalation of the specimens. Males appear to be more differentiated than females. Overlap among samples within each species is very marked; none can be separated clearly from its conspecifics. This is even more marked in D. parvula, which has a fairly small area compared to D. adjarica. Darevskia parvula and D. adjarica samples appear to be homogeneously clustered within species and well separated between the two species in the UPGMA trees. In males and females all the D. parvula samples are very similar and moderately differentiated. In males of D. adjarica, the most differentiated seems to be adjBorçka, the others all being clustered together, with adjÇaykara showing slightly more differentiation from the rest (adjOrtacalar, adjArdahan, adjIkizdere and adjÇermik). Darevskia adjarica females are also similarly distributed into two subgroups, one including Borçka, Çermik and Ardahan and the other including Ortacalar, Ikizdere and Çaykara. In both sexes, the inland Ardahan sample clearly belongs to D. adjarica. From the most connected MST samples, speculations can be made about areas of origin and expansion of the different taxa. Ortacalar (D. adjarica) and Hatila (D. parvula) are the most connected (morphologically more “central” in both taxa); in fact, both populations are relatively close, living on the northern (Black Sea) and southern (Anatolian) facing slopes, respectively of the Do?u Karadeniz Mountains (Kaçkar Mountains). This highlights these mountains, which rise from sea level up to nearly 4000 m asl. and have wide buffering possibilities against climate changes, as a zone of refuge and posterior dispersion of this species, and even of the original splitting into two taxa adapted to these different conditions, D. adjarica on the coast and D. parvula on the continental slope. Osteologically D. parvula and D. adjarica are very similar, although Georgian specimens from an isolated population (Atskuri) have closed clavicles not found in Turkish D. adjarica. Also, inland Ardahan D. adjarica have an extra vertebra in both males and females, compared to the other studied specimens from both species. The present study indicates that the situation in Turkey is that D. parvula is well differentiated and lives around the Çoruh River Valley, contoured by D. adjarica populations on the coastal-facing slopes of the Do?u Karadeniz Mountains on one side, and the Yaln?zçam Mountains on the other side, where D. adjarica enters from Georgia as the opposite extreme of a geographic distribution. The attribution of more inland ranges to D. parvula or D. adjarica, as well as the detailed genetic structure of both taxa may be confirmed with more specific studies.

A new subspecies of Fazila’s Lycian Salamander:
Lyciasalamandra fazilae ulfetae

Göçmen, B., S. Ehl, M. Karis, B. Thiesmeier & T. Kordges (2018): Molecular and morphological evidence for a new subspecies of Fazila’s Lycian Salamander Lyciasalamandra fazilae in South-west Anatolia .- Zoology in the Middle East, 2018; 11 pp.

A new subspecies of the Fazila’s Lycian Salamander Lyciasalamandra fazilae is described based on material from ten localities in the Köycegiz, Ortaca and Dalaman area in south-western Turkey. It is distinguished from the nominotypical subspecies by differences in the colouration pattern, morphometry and the mitochondrial molecular marker 16S rRNA. The distribution area of the new subspecies is located mainly in the western part of Dalaman River except for two seemingly intermediate populations (Serefler and Sarsala-Kapikargin). New localities for the species are reported.

A new spider gecko from southern Iran: Agamura kermanensis

HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, S.S., M. ALIABADIAN, E. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, J. DARVISH, S. SHAFIEI & M.E. SEHHATISABET (2018): Description of a new species of the genus Agamura Blanford, 1874 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Iran.- Zootaxa 4457(2): 325–331

Herein, we describe a new species of spider gecko, Agamura kermanensis sp. nov., from south Kerman, Iran. The new species is distinguished from other species by having long forelimbs and hindlimbs and a high interorbital distance. Agamura kermanensis sp. nov. was discovered in the Faryab region of southern Kerman Province, which has a xeric climate and low vegetation density. The habitat of the species is similar to that of A. cruralis in southeast Iran. It can be assumed that the distribution of the species is more extensive than currently known. More investigation is required in Jazmourian and the surrounding areas. This is the third species of the genus Agamura discovered on the Iranian Plateau.

Splitting off the arabicus sensu lato group from Stenodactylus to the revalidated genus Trigonodactylus HAAS, 1957.
The new arrangement:
Trigonodactylus arabicus HAAS
Trigonodactylus pulcher ANDERSON
Trigonodactylus sharqiyahensis METALLINOU & CARRANZA

and description of a new species

Trigonodactylus persicus from SW Iran.

NAZAROV, R.A., D.A. MELNIKOV, M. RADJABIZADEH & N.A. POYARKOV (2018): A new species of short-fingered geckos Stenodactylus (Squamata, Geckonidae) from South Iran with taxonomic notes on validity of the genus Trigonodactylus Hass, 1957.- Zootaxa 4457(1): 093–113

In the present study we provide evidence for the validity of the genus Trigonodactylus Hass, 1957, improve the diagnosis for this genus and describe a new species that belongs to it—Trigonodactylus persicus sp. nov., from the sand dunes in Khuzestan Province, southwestern Iran. The new species is closely related to Trigonodactylus [Stenodactylus] arabicus sensu Hass, and can be distinguished by the following morphological characteristics: small size, maximum SVL 34 mm; SVL/TailL—approximately 1:1; ventral scales roundish, weakly keeled, 54–61 longitudinal rows at midbody and 190–25 along midbody. No enlarged postmentals. Fingers and toes slightly flattened dorso-ventrally. Lateral edge of digits fringed by series of projecting triangular scales. No web between digits. No preanal and femoral pores. Dorsal color pattern formed by thin, dark, irregular vermicular patches and spots. Sometimes these dark dorsal patterns blend with each other and form transverse bands. There is a narrow, dark, longitudinal line between forelimbs and hindlimbs on lateral sides. Dark, well developed <-shaped marking on snout, which continues behind orbit on tympanum region, approaches the upper ear opening and ends on the pectoral arch. Labial scales white, in some cases with grey-brown dots. Dorsal surfaces of limbs and digits with irregular dark bands. Dorsal surface of tail with 8–10 wide, dark brown bands with irregular margins, same size as alternating light bands. Ventral surface of body and limbs white, tail with dark spots that become more distinct posteriorly.

The Steppe Viper has been rediscovered in Georgia after 75 years and described as a new subspecies:
Vipera shemakhensis kakhetiensis

Tuniyev, B.S., G.N. Iremashvili, T.V. Petrova & M.V. Kravchenko (2018): REDISCOVERY OF THE STEPPE VIPER IN GEORGIA.- Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 322(2): 87–107

The steppe viper was rediscovered in Georgia after 75 years. A comprehensive analysis of external morphology, altitude gradient in habitats, typology of biotopes and genetic analysis revealed a high degree of similarity of populations of the steppe vipers from Azerbaijan, known as Pelias shemakhensis Tuniyev et al., 2013, and from East Georgia. These data were used for comparative study and description of a new subspecies – P. shemakhensis kakhetiensis ssp. nov. The subspecies name is after historical region of Georgia – Kakheti, where a large part of the range is located. In the pattern of recent distribution of P. shemakhensis, there are common habitat and climatic characteristics in Georgian and Azerbaijan parts of this its range. Its position among the species complex and relations with other taxa of this complex are discussed. Based on the results of the cluster and discriminant analyses, P. eriwanensis and P. lotievi should be given a subspecies rank, whereas P. shemakhensis clearly deserves a species rank. Results of the genetic analysis are opposite: P. shemakhensis and P. eriwanensis are considered as sister species. We continue to share an idea about autochthonous origin for small shield-head vipers of the Caucasus, taking into account their ancient origin in the Caucasian Ecoregion and astonished variety of forms of the “kaznakovi”-complex and “ursinii”-complex both on the Great Caucasus and in the Transcaucasia.

Two new lacertid species from southern and southwestern Arabian peninsula have been descibed

Mesalina austroarabica SINDACO, SIMÓ-RIUDALBAS, SACCHI & CARRANZA, 2018

SINDACO, R., M. SIMÓ-RIUDALBAS, R. SACCHI & S. CARRANZA (2018): Systematics of the Mesalina guttulata species complex (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Arabia with the description of two new species.- Zootaxa 4429 (3): 513–547

Mesalina are small diurnal lacertid lizards inhabiting arid areas from North Africa to northwestern India. Previous phylogenetic studies have shown the existence of several species complexes within the genus, some of them with high levels of undiscovered diversity. In the present study, we carry out an integrative systematic revision of the Mesalina guttulata species complex using both molecular and morphological data from across its entire distribution range in North Africa, the Middle East and Arabia. The results of the genetic analyses indicate that M. guttulata and M. bahaeldini are two allopatric sister taxa separated by the Suez Canal and that the species complex includes a further three unnamed deep phylogenetic lineages, two of them restricted to southern and southwestern Arabia and described herein as Mesalina austroarabica sp. nov. and Mesalina arnoldi sp. nov., respectively. As a result of the lack of enough material, the third deep lineage, distributed across Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Jordan, is provisionally left undescribed. The two newly described species are characterized by their size, scale counts and tail coloration, as well as differences at the three mitochondrial and one nuclear gene analyzed in the present study.

New description of the SW Arabian Egg-Eaters (Dasypeltis scabra)

Dasypeltis arabica BROADLEY & BATES, 2018

Michael F. Bates & Donald G. Broadley (2018): A revision of the egg-eating snakes of the genus Dasypeltis Wagler (Squamata: Colubridae: Colubrinae) in north-eastern Africa and south-western Arabia, with descriptions of three new species.- Indago, 34(1): 1–95

The genus Dasypeltis Wagler, 1830 in north-eastern Africa (from latitude 8ºS to the Mediterranean Sea, east of 29°E) and south-western Arabia (west of longitude 45°E) is reviewed. Ten species are recognised in this region on the basis of morphological characters, including colour pattern. Dasypeltis fasciata A. Smith, 1849 inhabits lowland forest in western and southern Uganda, while Dasypeltis medici (Bianconi, 1859) occurs in coastal forest/savannah mosaic in southern Somalia, Kenya and northern Tanzania. We show that Dasypeltis medici lamuensis Gans, 1957 is a junior synonym of D. medici. Dasypeltis atra Sternfeld, 1912—in a variety of colour phases/patterns—is widespread in the region, occurring in montane forest, moorland, forest/savannah mosaic, and savannah along the border between Tanzania and Kenya. Dasypeltis scabra (Linnaeus, 1758) is widely distributed in East African savannahs, except in parts of South Sudan, Uganda, western Kenya and Rwanda where Dasypeltis confusa Trape & Mané, 2006 infiltrates from the west, and in northern Somalia and Djibouti at 640 to 1370 m where it is replaced by Dasypeltis taylori Bates & Broadley sp. nov. Dasypeltis bazi Saleh & Sarhan, 2016 occurs as an isolated population in the Fayoum Depression west of Cairo, Egypt, with a possible isolate at Erkowit in the Red Sea Hills of north-eastern Sudan. We designate a lectotype for Dasypeltis abyssina (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)—previously known only from the type description—and demonstrate that it is a distinct and valid species restricted to open savannah in the highlands (1800–2450 m) of north-western Ethiopia and central Eritrea; the paralectotype from Sudan is referable to D. scabra. Dasypeltis crucifera Bates sp. nov. is known only from two localities at lower elevations (600–1417 m) in northern Eritrea. Dasypeltis arabica Broadley & Bates sp. nov. inhabits the highlands of south-western Arabia (Saudi Arabia and Yemen) at elevations of 1300–2300 m. Multivariate analyses of scale characters and numbers of pattern cycles provides support for the above taxonomy. We provide a map detailing the ranges of the various species. The Horn of Africa, with at least six species (and another in Arabia), appears to be a centre of diversity for the genus Dasypeltis.

A new subspecies of Phrynocephalus mystaceus from NE Iran has been described

Phrynocephalus mystaceus khorasanus

Evgeniya N. Solovyeva, Evgeniy N. Dunayev, Roman A. Nazarov, Mehdi Radjabizadeh & Nikolay A. Poyarkov (2018): Molecular and morphological differentiation of Secret Toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus mystaceus, with the description of a new subspecies from Iran (Reptilia, Agamidae).- ZooKeys 748: 97–129

The morphological and genetic variation of a wide-ranging Secret Toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus mystaceus that inhabits sand deserts of south-eastern Europe, Middle East, Middle Asia, and western China is reviewed. Based on the morphological differences and high divergence in COI (mtDNA) gene sequences a new subspecies of Ph. mystaceus is described from Khorasan Razavi Province in Iran. Partial sequences of COI mtDNA gene of 31 specimens of Ph. mystaceus from 17 localities from all major parts of species range were analyzed. Genetic distances show a deep divergence between Ph. mystaceus khorasanus ssp. n. from Khorasan Razavi Province and all other populations of Ph. mystaceus. The new subspecies can be distinguished from other populations of Ph. mystaceus by a combination of several morphological features. Molecular and morphological analyses do not support the validity of other Ph. mystaceus subspecies described from Middle Asia and Caspian basin. Geographic variations in the Ph. mystaceus species complex and the status of previously described subspecies were discussed.

Three new Viper (sub)species from Turkey and border close regions of Georgia and Armenia (Javakheti Plateau).

Vipera sakoi
Vipera darevskii uzumorum
Vipera darevskii kumlutasi

B.S. Tuniyev, A. Avci, Ç. Ilgaz, K. Olgun, T.V. Petrova, S.Yu. Bodrov, P. Geniez & A. Teynié (2018): ON TAXONOMIC STATUS OF SHIELD-HEAD VIPERS FROM TURKISH LESSER CAUCASUS AND EAST ANATOLIA.- Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 322(1): 3–44

A high morphological specialization is noted for vipers from the isolated populations of the Otlubekli Daglari Ridge, Zekeriya Village, Ardahan pass, Mt. Ilgar-Dag (Turkey), Javakheti Plateau (Armenia, Georgia). New forms of shield-head vipers are described from the Turkish Lesser Caucasus and east Turkey: Pelias sakoi sp. nov. (Otlubekli Daglari Ridge), Pelias darevskii uzumorum ssp. nov. (Southern limestone part of the Yalnizçam Daglari Ridge), Pelias darevskii kumlutasi ssp. nov. (Northern volcanic part of the Yalnizçam Daglari Ridge). Keys to identification of species and subspecies of the Pelias darevskii-olguni complex are given, and ecological differences of its representatives are discussed. The cluster and discriminant analyses on morphological features allow us to consider these vipers as separate taxa, whereas the molecular analysis on cytb does not give significant differences for most populations. This result should not be perceived unambiguously in favor of conspecificity of the considered populations. In addition to the morphological differences of the vipers, we consider such ecological differences as biotope preference, age and size of the puberty, the history of landscapes and habitats, mezoclimatic habitat characteristics, etc. Given the southern location of the Otlubekli Da?lari Ridge and no signs of glaciation there, the vipers from the vicinity of Erzincan should be regarded as an ancient relic isolated form. The climate of this area has contributed to the conservation of ancient Eastern Mediterranean relics both among plants and animals.

Split of Kotschy's Gecko into:

Mediodactylus kotschyi: Most of Balkan peninsula without SE parts, western and central Aegaean islands
Medioactylus danilewskii: SE Balkan, western and northern Turkey, Caucasus, etc.
Mediodactylus orientalis: SE Aegaean islands, central and eastern southern Turkey, Levante
Mediodactylus bartoni: Crete and surrounding islets
Mediodactylus oertzeni: southern Dodecanes

Kotsakiozi, P., Jablonski, D., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutas, Y., Avci, A., Meiri, S., Itescu, Y., Kukushkin, O., Gvoždík, V., Scillitani, G., Roussos, S., Jandzik, D., Kasapidis, P. , Lymberakis, P., Poulakakis, N.- Multilocus phylogeny and coalescent species delimitation in Kotschy's gecko, Mediodactylus kotschyi: hidden diversity and cryptic species, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2018), doi:

The Kotschy's Gecko, Mediodactylus kotschyi, is a small gecko native to southeastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. It displays great morphological variation with a large number of morphologically recognized subspecies. However, it has been suggested that it constitutes a species complex of several yet unrecognized species. In this study, we used multilocus sequence data (three mitochondrial and three nuclear gene fragments) to estimate the phylogenetic relationships of 129 populations covering a substantial part of the distribution range of the species. Our results revealed high genetic diversity of M. kotschyi populations and contributed to our knowledge about the phylogenetic relationships and the estimation of the divergence times between them. Diversification within M. kotschyi began approximately 15 million years ago (Mya) in the Middle Miocene, and separate radiations within most of the major clades have been diversifying since more than 3 Mya. Species delimitation analysis suggests there exists five species within the complex, and we propose to recognize the following taxa as full species: M. kotschyi (mainland Balkans, most of Aegean islands, Italy), M. orientalis (Levant, Cyprus, southern Anatolia, south-eastern Aegean islands), M. danilewskii (Black Sea region and south-western Anatolia), M. bartoni (Crete), and M. oertzeni (southern Dodecanese Islands). This newly recognized species diversity underlines the complex biogeographical history of the Eastern Mediterranean region.

From synonymy of Agamura persica to species. The Iranian and SW Pakistan species of A. persica are now

Agamura cruralis, BLANFORD, 1874


Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S., M. Aliabadian, E. Rastegar-Pouyani & J. Darvish (2017): Geographic variation in morphology of the genus Agamura Blanford, 1874 in Iran.- Amphibia-Reptilia 38(4): 449 - 459

The genus Agamura was previously known from four species occurring on the Iranian Plateau, but was recently revised as a monotypic genus that excluded three species. In the present study, we examined different populations of Agamura persica morphologically. We found that A. persica shows geographic variation with respect to two groups, with the eastern population considered as A. cruralis and A. persica proposed for the western population. Separation between the two populations of A. persica was verified based upon ANOVA results for many morphological characters, including Head Height (HH), Interorbital distance (IO), Forelimb length (FLL), Number of scales across widest part of abdomen (NSA), Loreal scales (LOS), and Number of scales that separate two adjacent tubercles (NTV). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Function Analysis (DFA) based on metric and meristic characters confirmed the revision of the genus Agamura. Multivariate analysis indicated that all studied OTUs were assigned to the correct classification and have significantly different morphological characters.

A new species of Tropiocolotes from Iran has been described:

Tropiocolotes hormozganensis

MAHDI RAJABIZADEH, HIVA FAIZI, STEVEN C. ANDERSON, MOHAMMAD ZARRINTAB, ROMAN NAZAROV (2018): Taxonomic status of Tropiocolotes cf. steudneri with a description of a new species of Tropiocolotes (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) in southern Iran.- Zootaxa 4388(2). published on March, 2nd

We review the status of an Iranian gecko population previously referred to Tropiocolotes cf. steudneri and describe it as a new species, Tropiocolotes hormozganensis sp. nov. We discuss the taxonomic history of this population and compare its characters with those of the other species in the genus. The new species is distinguished from other species of Tropiocolotes by possessing weakly keeled dorsal scales and smooth ventral scales, having imbricate scales on dorsal and ventral tail, possessing clearly tricarinatesubdigital scales, 48–55 dorsal scales, two pairs of postmental shields, of which the second pair is about half of the size of the first, 100–107 scales longitudinally along underside of body, 15–19 scales across head and 16–19 subdigital lamellae.

On January, 7th (according to
the same new species has been "published".

Rounaghi, Iman, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani & Saeed Hosseinian (2018) A new species of the genus Tropiocolotes Peters, 1880 from Hormozgan province, southern Iran (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae).- South Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment Vol.9(1): 15-23

We have described a new species of gekkonid lizard of the genus Tropiocolotes from southern Iran, on the coastal regions of Persian Gulf from Bandar-e Lengeh, Hormozgan province. Tropiocolotes hormozganensis sp. nov. belongs to the eastern clade of the genus Tropiocolotes (wolfganboehmei-nattereri complex) that is distributed in western Asia. It can be distinguished from the recent described species by having four pairs of postmentals and four nasal scales around the nostril. Postmental scales also differentiate it from T. wolfgangboehmei. The new identification key for the Iranian species of genus Tropiocolotes is provided.

But it seems, the 2nd paper mentioned here doesnt rule the ICZN code, and therefore the authorship has to be

Split of the Iberian Blanus sp.

Specimens of northern Portugal, central and southwestern Spain are
Blanus vandellii now.

Blanus mariae is a synonym of Blanus cinereus.

Luis M. P. Ceríaco & Aaron M. Bauer (2018): An integrative approach to the nomenclature and taxonomic status of the genus Blanus Wagler, 1830 (Squamata: Blanidae) from the Iberian Peninsula.- Journal of Natural History, DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2017.1422283. 33 pp.

Presently two species of the genus Blanus are known from the Iberian Peninsula, Blanus cinereus Vandelli, 1797 and Blanus mariae Albert & Fernández, 2009 The latter was recently described based on molecular studies that pointed to the existence of two well-separated lineages on the peninsula. However the description of B. mariae contained several flaws that render the description invalid, namely the designation of an invalid lectotype, the application of the name B. cinereus to a lineage different from that for which it was originally described, and the apparent disregard for the available nomina Amphisbaena reticulata Thunberg, 1787, Amphisbaena rufa Hemprich 1820 and Amphisbaena oxyura Wagler, 1824 Here we use an integrative approach to link morphological, molecular and historical evidence to identify the original type locality of B. cinereus and the population to which the name applies, trace the fate of its type specimen, present a detailed review of the nomenclatural acts and decisions taken by other authors, revise the nomenclatural history of other potentially available nomina, and provide a new nomenclatural arrangement to the group. Blanus mariae is considered a junior synonym of B. cinereus and we describe Blanus vandellii sp. nov. as a new species. A neotype of B. cinereus is also designated and described.

The Anatolian [incl. population of Katellorizo (=Megisti)] of the "Greek" Snake Skink, Ophiomorus punctatissimus have been split off as separate species

Ophiomorus kardesi


Kornilios, P., Y. Kumlutas, P. Lymberakis & C. Ilgaz (2018): Cryptic diversity and molecular systematics of the Aegean Ophiomorus skinks (Reptilia: Squamata), with the description of a new species.- J Zool Syst Evol Res. 2018; 1–18, DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12205

In recent years, great attention has been devoted to the discovery and description of cryptic species, especially using DNA markers and new statistical approaches. Genetic data are useful for discovering new lineages that can then be treated as hypotheses to be tested using morphology. Here, we use multilocus genetic data and a thorough sampling to delimit species within the Greek legless skink. Phylogenetic analyses reveal high levels of genetic diversity, suggesting that Ophiomorus punctatissimus includes at least two species, East and West of the Aegean Sea. Moreover, species delimitation methods support at least two and up to five species within the western O. punctatissimus, and this result is shared among single-locus (ABGD, PTP, and GMYC) and multilocus coalescent (BPP) methods. We examined whether the two allopatric lineages exhibit morphological differentiation, but the different preservation methods used for the examined material led to inconclusive results. However, morphological conservatism in this semi-fossorial limbless skink possibly also played a key role. Finally, we formally recognize the East Aegean taxon as a separate species and we provide a differential diagnosis based on DNA diagnostic characters.

Split of the gecko Asaccus gallagheri ARNOLD, 1972.
The southern populations from the eastern Hajar mountains and Jebel Qahwan, Oman are a new species:


MARC SIMÓ-RIUDALBAS, PEDRO TARROSO, THEODORE PAPENFUSS, THURAYA AL-SARIRI & SALVADOR CARRANZA (2017): Systematics, biogeography and evolution of Asaccus gallagheri (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) with the description of a new endemic species from Oman.- Systematics and Biodiversity, DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2017.1403496

The Hajar Mountains are the highest mountain range in eastern Arabia. Despite being classi?ed as a mountain desert, it is considered one of the top biodiversity hotspots of Arabia. As a result of its relatively old geological origin, complex topography, environmental heterogeneity and geographic isolation from other mountain ranges, its fauna and ?ora have diversi?ed signi?cantly producing high levels of endemicity, particularly amongst reptiles. Several genetic studies indicate that this diversity may still be underestimated, especially within some groups containing morphologically similar species like the nocturnal geckos of the genus Asaccus. These have radiated extensively on both sides of the Gulf of Oman, in the Hajar Mountains and the Zagros Mountains of south-west Asia, and are a good example of the faunal af?nities between these two mountain ranges. In the present work, we analyse A. gallagheri, the smallest species of the Arabian radiation, using an unprecedented sampling across its entire distribution range and an integrative approach combining morphological, macroecological and multilocus molecular data with the objective of clarifying its systematics and phylogeography. The results support the presence of two allopatric species within A. gallagheri that split approximately 6 Ma. The newly discovered species is endemic to the Eastern Hajars and is described herein mainly on the basis of its smaller size and high genetic divergence from A. gallagheri. The molecular analyses also uncovered remarkable levels of genetic diversity within both species. The present study highlights the diversity of the genus Asaccus in south-east Arabia and stresses its relevance from a conservation point of view.


Teratoscincus sistanense
has been described.

Akbarpour, M., S. Shafiei, M. E. Sehhatisabet & E. Damadi (2017): A new species of frog-eyed gecko, genus Teratoscincus Strauch, 1863 (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae), from southeastern Iran.- Zool. Middle East 63(4): 296 – 302

Herein we describe a new species of Teratoscincus Strauch, 1863 from remote desert areas of the Sistan and Baluchistan Province in southeastern Iran. Based on morphological characters, this species, Teratoscincus sistanense sp. n., has a close relationship with T. microlepis and is distinct from all other members of its genus by the number of small scales around the midbody. We provide information about the ecology, biology and conservation of this new species. A comparison with the other three Iranian species of Teratoscincus and an updated key to this genus in Iran are presented.


Teratoscincus mesriensis
has been described.

Roman A. Nazarov, R.A., M. Radjabizadeh, N.A. Poyarkov, Jr., N.B. Ananjeva, D.A. Melnikov & E. Rastegar Pouyani (2017): A NEW SPECIES OF FROG-EYED GECKO, GENUS Teratoscincus STRAUCH, 1863 (SQUAMATA: SAURIA: SPHAERODACTYLIDAE), FROM CENTRAL IRAN -- Russ. J. Herpetol. 24(4): 291 – 310

In this study we present an analysis of morphological and molecular (COI mtDNA) variation within the genus Teratoscincus and describe a new species, Teratoscincus mesriensis sp. nov. from environs of Mesr, Isfahan Province in Central Iran. The new species can be distinguished from other congeners by the following combination of morphological characters: (1) position of enlarged dorsal scales, which not cover the occipital region on the dorsal surface of head; (2) comparatively high number of scales across midbody; (3) maximal body size reaching SVLmax 93.6 mm. We also provide a COI-based barcoding estimation of diversity of the genus Teratoscincus. Moreover, our new morphological and molecular data indicate that the population of T. scincus from Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Tajikistan), previously described as a subspecies T. scincus rustamowi, is differentiated from other populations of T. scincus complex on species level; we provide a revised diagnosis and propose a full species status for this geographically isolated form as Teratoscincus rustamowi stat. nov. Diversity and phylogenetic relationships of the genus Teratoscincus are discussed.

SAFAEI-MAHROO, GHAFFARI, GHAFOOR & AMINI described a new gecko from north eastern Iraq.

Hemidactylus kurdicus

SAFAEI-MAHROO, B., H. GHAFFARI, A. GHAFOOR & S. AMINI (2017): A new species of Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkota: Gekkonidae) from Qara Dagh Mountains, Kurdistan Region, with a key to the genus in Iraq.- Zootaxa 4363 (3): 377–392

We describe a new species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from the oak woodlands of Zagros Forest Steppe of Qara Dagh Mountains, Sulaimani, northeastern Iraq, based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Hemidactylus kurdicus sp. nov. is distinguished from all other related Arid clade Hemidactylus species in the Middle East by having a single pair of postmental scales; it differs H. turcicus, H. robustus, H. ulii, H. sinaitus, H. shihraensis and H. yerburii based on the number of lamellae under the first and fourth toes of pes. Mitochondrial DNA including CytB and 12S identify a consistent divergence between H. kurdicus and H. persicus. An identification key to the genus Hemidactylus in Iraq is presented.

A new species of Eumeces Wiegmann 1834 (Sauria: Scincidae) from Iran,
Eumeces persicus,
has been described.
Eumeces zarudnyi is a full species now.

FAIZI, H., N. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, E. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, R. NAZAROV, N. HEIDARI, B. ZANGI, V. ORLOVA & N. POYARKOV (2017): A new species of Eumeces Wiegmann 1834 (Sauria: Scincidae) from Iran.- Zootaxa 4320 (2): 289–304

We describe a new species of skink in the genus Eumeces Wiegmann 1834 from Iran. Eumeces persicus sp. nov. is a medium-sized skink, distinguished by two clear, wide, and brown lateral lines extending from the ear opening to the hindlimbs, with scattered light orange spots, and two median rows of dorsal scales broadly enlarged in eight longitudinal rows. The new species ranges from southern Tehran to Kerman Province along the eastern slopes of the Zagros Mountains towards the Iranian plateau. We provide morphological comparisons of the new species with other Eumeces species from the region and molecular analyses of two mitochondrial markers (16S and Cytb). We also present taxonomic and phylogenetic accounts, with an updated identification key for the genus Eumeces in Iran and surrounding regions.

A new name for the Egg-eating snake from Faiyum depression in Egypt:
Dasypeltis bazi

SALEH, M. & M. SARHAN (2016): The egg-eating snake (Colubridae: Dasypeltis) of Faiyum, Egypt, with the description of a new species.- Bull. Soc. Herp. Fr. 160: 25-48

Nineteenth century reports of the occurrence of an isolated population of an egg-eating snake of the genus Dasypeltis in the oasis of Faiyum, Egypt is verified by our recent collection and field observations. This population represents the only occurrence of this genus in eastern Sahara and appears to be a relict of a much wider distribution of this genus during past wet climatic periods. The Faiyum egg-eating snake was originally assigned to the species Dasypeltis scabra (Linnaeus, 1758). However, morphological examination of new material showed that the Faiyum snake is distinct from D. scabra and all other known Dasypeltis species and is herein described as a new species and is given the name Dasypeltis bazi sp. nov. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed that the Egyptian Dasypeltis is genetically distinct from Dasypeltis scabra of South Africa as well as the clades that encompass the West African and the Sahel Dasypeltis species. Ecology and habitat of the new snake are discussed, as well as climatic, geologic and anthropogenic events possibly affecting the region and possibly leading to the isolation of a Dasypeltis population in Faiyum.

A new subspecies of Montivipera xanthina from the west of Thrace province in Greece,
Montivipera xanthina occidentalis
has been described.


Notes on the herpetofauna of southwestern Evros (Greece NE) and new contribution to the knowledge of Montivipera xanthina (Gray, 1849) for the eastern central Greek Thrace, with description of Montivipera xanthina occidentalis subsp. nova (Reptilia Serpentes Viperidae). The European distribution of Montivipera xanthina includes the coastline of the eastern central Greek Thrace (southeastern Rhodopes and southern Evros). While in south-eastern Evros, the easternmost part of its distribution, Montivipera xanthina seems to be a well-defined evolutionary line, in the central area of this wide territory, in south-western Evros, this viper seems to be very rare or absent; this means that the westernmost populations (those of the Rhodopes) have undergone some kind of isolation or semi-isolation that might have induced the formation of a new subspecies: Montivipera xanthina occidentalis ssp. nov. The new taxon differs from other known subspecies for the tendency to a reduced size and correspondingly for a lower number of intercanthals and of dorsal scales rows, both in the midbody (mostly 21-22) and in the posterior part of the body (often 15-16). A list of herpetological species found in the study area (south-western Evros, Greece NE) is also reported.

From subspecies to species.
The former subspecies of the smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris: L. v. graecus, L. v. schmidtleri, L. v. kosswigi and L. v. lantzi
are full species now.
Lissotriton graecus
Lissotriton schmidtleri
Lissotriton kosswigi
Lissotriton lantzi

Pabijan, M., P. Zielinski, K. Dudek, M. Stuglik & W. Babik (2017): Isolation and gene flow in a speciation continuum in newts.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 1–12.

Because reproductive isolation often evolves gradually, differentiating lineages may retain the potential for genetic exchange for prolonged periods, providing an opportunity to quantify and to understand the fundamental role of gene flow during speciation. Here we delimit evolutionary lineages, reconstruct the phylogeny and infer gene flow in newts of the Lissotriton vulgaris species complex based on 74 nuclear markers sampled from 127 localities. We demonstrate that distinct lineages along the speciation continuum in newts exchange nontrivial amounts of genes, affecting their evolutionary trajectories. By integrating a wide array of methods, we delimit nine evolutionary lineages and show that two principal factors have driven their genetic differentiation: time since the last common ancestor determining levels of shared ancestral polymorphism, and shifts in geographic distributions determining the extent of secondary contact. Post-divergence gene flow, indicative of evolutionary non-independence, has been most extensive in Central Europe, while four southern European lineages have acquired the population-genetic hallmarks of independent species (L. graecus, L. kosswigi, L. lantzi, L. schmidtleri). We obtained strong statistical support for widespread mtDNA introgression following secondary contact, previously suggested by discordance between mtDNA phylogeny and morphology. Our study reveals long-term evolutionary persistence of evolutionary lineages that may periodically exchange genes with one another: although some of these lineages may become extinct or fuse, others will acquire complete reproductive isolation and will carry signatures of this complex history in their genomes.

From subspecies to species.
Natrix natrix helvetica is now Natrix helvetica

Kindler, C., M. Chèvre, S. Ursenbacher, W. Böhme, A. Hille, D. Jablonski, M. Vamberger & U. Fritz (2017): Hybridization patterns in two contact zones of grass snakes reveal a new Central European snake species.- Scientific Reports 7: 7378, DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-07847-9; 12 pp.

Recent studies found major conflicts between traditional taxonomy and genetic differentiation of grass snakes and identified previously unknown secondary contact zones. Until now, little is known about gene flow across these contact zones. Using two mitochondrial markers and 13 microsatellite loci, we examined two contact zones. One, largely corresponding to the Rhine region, involves the western subspecies Natrix natrix helvetica and the eastern subspecies N. n. natrix, whereas in the other, more easterly, contact zone two lineages meet that are currently identified with N. n. natrix and N. n. persa. This second contact zone runs across Central Europe to the southern Balkans. Our analyses reveal that the western contact zone is narrow, with parapatrically distributed mitochondrial lineages and limited, largely unidirectional nuclear gene flow. In contrast, the eastern contact zone is very wide, with massive nuclear admixture and broadly overlapping mitochondrial lineages. In combination with additional lines of evidence (morphology, phylogeny, divergence times), we conclude that these differences reflect different stages in the speciation process and that Natrix helvetica should be regarded as a distinct species. We suggest a nomenclatural framework for presently recognized grass snake taxa and highlight the need for reconciling the conflicts between genetics and taxonomy.

A new gecko from the northern most Hajar mountains in Oman and United Arab Emirates:
Ptyodactylus ruusaljibalicus

Simó-Riudalbas, M., M. Metallinou, Ph. de Pous, J. Els, S. Jayasinghe, E. Péntek-Zakar, T. Wilms, S. Al-Saadi & S. Carranza (2017): Cryptic diversity in Ptyodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) fromthe northern Hajar Mountains of Oman and the United Arab Emirates uncovered by an integrative taxonomic approach -- PLoS ONE 12 (8): e0180397; 25 pp.

The Hajar Mountains of south-eastern Arabia form an isolated massif surrounded by the sea to the east and by a large desert to the west. As a result of their old geological origin, geographical isolation, complex topography and local climate, these mountains provide an important refuge for endemic and relict species of plants and animals. With 19 species restricted to the Hajar Mountains, reptiles are the vertebrate group with the highest level of endemicity, becoming an excellent model for understanding the patterns and processes that generate and shape diversity in this arid mountain range. The geckos of the Ptyodactylus hasselquistii species complex are the largest geckos in Arabia and are found widely distributed across the Arabian Mountains, constituting a very important component of the reptile mountain fauna. Preliminary analyses suggested that their diversity in the Hajar Mountains may be higher than expected and that their systematics should be revised. In order to tackle these questions, we inferred a nearly complete calibrated phylogeny of the genus Ptyodactylus to identify the origin of the Hajar Mountains lineages using information from two mitochondrial and four nuclear genes. Genetic variability within the Hajar Mountains was further investigated using 68 specimens of Ptyodactylus from 46 localities distributed across the entire mountain range and sequenced for the same genes as above. The molecular phylogenies and morphological analyses as well as niche comparisons indicate the presence of two very old sister cryptic species living in allopatry: one restricted to the extreme northern Hajar Mountains and described as a new species herein; the other distributed across the rest of the Hajar Mountains that can be confidently assigned to the species P. orlovi. Similar to recent findings in the geckos of the genus Asaccus, the results of the present study uncover more hidden diversity in the northern Hajar Mountains and stress once again the importance of this unique mountain range as a hot spot of biodiversity and a priority focal point for reptile conservation in Arabia.

A new blindsnake from Iran:
Xerotyphlops luristanicus

Torki, F. (2017): A new species of blind snake, Xerotyphlops, from Iran.- The Herpetological Bulletin 140: 1-5

A new species of blind snake is described from Lorestan Province, western Iran. This is a cryptic species close to the Xerotyphlops vermicularis complex. It is readily distinguished by hemipenal characters. When everted the right hemipenis is coiled and the left is curved, in X. vermicularis both hemipenes are straight.

A new subspecies of the Anatolian meadow viper, Vipera anatolica has been described:
Vipera anatolica senliki from east Antalya province, Turkey.

Bayram Göçmen, Konrad Mebert, Mert Kars, Mehmet Anil Oguz & Sylvain Ursenbacher (2017): A new population and subspecies of the critically endangered Anatolian meadow viper Vipera anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 in eastern Antalya province.- Amphibia-Reptilia, DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003111.

We report on a new population of Vipera anatolica from the Geyik Mountain Range in eastern Antalya Province, Turkey. It represents only the second known location, and is situated in a valley about 200 km east from the terra typica at Kohu Dag in western Antalya Province. We compare both populations and, based on marked differences in morphology, habitat, genetics, and its geographically isolated location, we describe the recently discovered population as a new subspecies. Aspects of ecology, threats, and conservation needs are discussed.

Split of the lacertid Mesalina brevirostris into:
Mesalina brevirostris
Mesalina bernoullii
Mesalina microlepis and
Mesalina saudiarabica

Šmíd, J., J. Moravec, V. Gvoždík, J. Štundl, D. Frynta, P. Lymberakis, P. Kapli, T. Wilms, A. Schmitz, M. Shobrak, S. Hosseinian Yousefkhani, E. Rastegar-Pouyani, A.ora M. Castilla, J. Els & W. Mayer (2017): Cutting the Gordian Knot: Phylogenetic and ecological diversification of the Mesalina brevirostris species complex (Squamata, Lacertidae).- Zool. Scripta, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12254

Mesalina are small lacertid lizards occurring in the Saharo- Sindian deserts from North Africa to the east of the Iranian plateau. Earlier phylogenetic studies indicated that there are several species complexes within the genus and that thorough taxonomic revisions are needed. In this study, we aim at resolving the phylogeny and taxonomy of the M. brevirostris species complex distributed from the Middle East to the Arabian/Persian Gulf region and Pakistan. We sequenced three mitochondrial and three nuclear gene fragments, and in combination with species delimitation and species- tree estimation, we infer a time- calibrated phylogeny of the complex. The results of the genetic analyses support the presence of four clearly delimited species in the complex that diverged approximately between the middle Pliocene and the Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary. Species distribution models of the four species show that the areas of suitable habitat are geographically well delineated and nearly allopatric, and that most of the species have rather divergent environmental niches. Morphological characters also confirm the differences between the species, although sometimes minute. As a result of all these lines of evidence, we revise the taxonomy of the Mesalina brevirostris species complex. We designate a lectotype for Mesalina brevirostris Blanford, 1874; resurrect the available name Eremias bernoullii Schenkel, 1901 from the synonymy of M. brevirostris; elevate M. brevirostris microlepis (Angel, 1936) to species status; and describe Mesalina saudiarabica, a new species from Saudi Arabia.

a new subspecies of the Snake-eyed lizard has been described, distributed in the vicinity of Mut (Mersin), south coastal area of Turkey.
Ophisops elegans budakibarani

TOK, C.V., M. AFSAR, B.Y. YAKIN, D. AYAZ & K. ÇIÇEK (2017): A new subspecies, Ophisops elegans budakibarani n. subsp. (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Mut (Mersin/Turkey).- Biharean Biologist 11(1): 27-32.

This study describes a new subspecies of Ophisops elegans from vicinity of Mut, Mersin, Turkey and named Ophisops elegans budakibarani n. subsp. The new subspecies is distinguished from geographically the closest subspecies O. elegans basoglui, found in the south of its distribution, by having higher number of the longitudinal row of scales+plates at mid-trunk (SPM) and a characteristic venter coloration (whitish coloration instead of lemon yellow color in venter of both sexes during the breeding season) and from O. elegans centralanatoliae, found in the north of its distribution, by having lower number of SPM and a characteristic dorsum color-pattern (less distinct tile reddish-brown coloration in the temporal band, missing large blackish spots in the vertebral and paravertebral area).

A new endemic lacertid from Morocco's southwest coast:
Acanthodactylus margaritae - split of Acanthodactylus busacki.

TAMAR, K., PH. GENIEZ, J.C. BRITO & P.-A. CROCHET (2017): Systematic revision of Acanthodactylus busacki (Squamata: Lacertidae) with a description of a new species from Morocco.- Zootaxa 4276 (3): 357–386

Recent molecular phylogenies of the Acanthodactylus pardalis species-group have revealed a deep genetic divergence within the nominal species A. busacki from north-west Africa. The species is phylogenetically separated into northern and southern lineages, which correspond to a previously observed morphological differentiation between the northern and southern populations of this species. Based on morphological comparisons of the type material and location of the type locality, the nomen Acanthodactylus busacki Salvador, 1982 is assigned here to the southern lineage, known from the northern Saharan Atlantic coastal desert. The northern lineage, described here as Acanthodactylus margaritae sp. nov., is prominently characterized by weakly keeled dorsal scales and a characteristic colour pattern. The new species is endemic to Morocco and confined to arid and semi-arid bioclimatic areas between the High Atlas and Anti-Atlas Mountains, from around Tamri in the north to Tiznit in the south and the Souss valley in the east

A new Lytorhynchus has been described from Iran

Lytorhynchus levitoni TORKI, 2017.

TORKI, F. (2017): Description of a new species of Lytorhynchus (Squamata: Colubridae) from Iran.- Zool. Middle East 2017, (early view) 8 pp.

2 new Pelodytes species on Iberian peninsula

Pelodytes atlanticus: Portugal
Pelodytes hespericus: most of central and eastern Spain (without Catalunya and Pelodytes ibericus distribution.

DÍAZ-RODRÍGUEZ, J., M. GEHARA, R. MÁRQUEZ, M. VENCES, H. GONÇALVES, F. SEQUEIRA, I. MARTÍNEZ-SOLANO & M. TEJEDO (2017): Integration of molecular, bioacoustical and morphological data reveals two new cryptic species of Pelodytes (Anura, Pelodytidae) from the Iberian Peninsula.- Zootaxa 4243 (1): 001–041

Parsley frogs (Pelodytes) comprise the only genus in the family Pelodytidae, an ancient anuran lineage that split from their closest relatives over 140 million years ago. Pelodytes is a Palearctic group restricted to Western Eurasia including three extant species: the eastern species P. caucasicus, endemic to the Caucasus area, and two closely related species inhabiting Western Europe: the Iberian endemic P. ibericus and the more widespread P. punctatus. Previous studies based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers have revealed the existence of two additional lineages of Parsley frogs in the Iberian Peninsula, which have been flagged as candidate species. Here, we integrate novel molecular, morphological and bioacoustical data to assess the differentiation of the four western Parsley frog lineages. Species trees and Bayesian population assignment analyses based on nuclear markers confirm previous studies and concordantly delineate four parapatric lineages with narrow hybrid zones. Mitochondrial divergence is low (< 2% pairwise distances in the 16S rRNA gene), in line with previously reported low mitochondrial substitution rates in non-neobatrachian frogs. Based on concordance between mitochondrial and nuclear markers, we conclude that four species of Parsley frogs occur in Western Europe: Pelodytes punctatus, distributed from northern Italy to northeastern Spain; Pelodytes ibericus, inhabiting southern Spain and southern Portugal; Pelodytes atlanticus sp. nov., from the Portuguese Atlantic coast; and Pelodytes hespericus sp. nov., occurring in central and eastern Spain. However, bioacoustical and morphological differentiation of these species is low, with no obvious and qualitative diagnostic characters allowing full species discrimination. Differences in the relative size of metacarpal tubercles exist but this character is variable. Pelodytes ibericus and Pelodytes atlanticus are smaller than the other two species, and P. ibericus has shorter limbs and various distinctive osteological characters. Bioacoustically, the pattern by which two different note types are combined in advertisement calls separates P. hespericus from the remaining species. Despite these differences, we emphasize that the taxonomic status of all four western Parsley frogs requires additional investigation, especially the patterns of genetic admixture across contact zones. While a status of separate species best conforms to the currently available data, alternative hypotheses are also discussed.

3 new subspecies of the Lycian salamander Lyciasalamandra atifi,
Lyciasalamandra atifi godmanni,
Lyciasalamandra atifi veithi
Lyciasalamandra atifi kunti
have been described

OGUZ, M.A., B. GÖÇMEN & D. YALÇINKAYA (2016): COMPARISON OF Lyciasalamandra atifi (BASOGLU, 1967) (URODELA: SALAMANDRIDAE) POPULATIONS WITH DESCRIPTION OF THREE NEW SUBSPECIES FROM ANTALYA PROVINCE -- South Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment 7(2): 61-113

We compared the isolated populations of Lyciasalamandra atifi, (Basoglu, 1967) a salamander endemic to the historic Lycia region of Turkey, that is found across a range from Antalya/Selge (Altinkaya) to Antalya/Gazipasa. Along this distance, we determined eight isolated populations (Selge, Fersin, Dikmen, Güzelbag, Türbelinaz, Gündogmus, Cebireis, Gazipasa) in 2013 and used morphology and serology to compare them. The collected specimens were registered under the ZMADYU (Zoology Museum of Adiyaman University), and a total of 237 (59 males, 96 females, 82 juv.) specimens were studied. As a result of our research, three new subspecies are described: Lyciasalamandra atifi godmanni n. ssp. from Selge, Lyciasalamandra atifi veithi n. ssp. from Dikmen and Lyciasalamandra atifi kunti n. ssp. from Güzelbag. Except Cebireis (L. a. bayrami) and Gazipasa (L. a. oezi) populations, the other isolated populations were incorporated in the nominat subspecies due to morphological and serological similarities.

A new species of Rhynchocalamus from southern Israel.
Rhynchocalamus dayanae sp. nov.

Tamar, K., J. Smíd, B. Gö cmen, S. Meiri & S. Carranza (2016): An integrative systematic revision and biogeography of Rhynchocalamus snakes (Reptilia, Colubridae) with a description of a new species from Israel -- PeerJ 4:e2769; DOI 10.7717/peerj.2769.

more infos on Caucasilacerta vs. Darevskia.

go down to:
BUSACK, S.D., A. SALVADOR, A.M. BAUER & H. KAISER published a paper, Darevskia ARRIBAS, 1997 has to replaced by Caucasilacerta HARRIS, ARNOLD & THOMAS, 1998

A new subspecies of Neurergus strauchii from E Turkey:
Neurergus strauchii munzurensis n. ssp.

Olgun, Avci, Bozkurt, Üzüm, Olgun & Ilgaz (2016): A New Subspecies of Anatolia Newt, Neurergus strauchii (Steindachner, 1887) (Urodela: Salamandridae), from Tunceli, Eastern Turkey.- Russ. J. Herpetol. 23(4): 271 - 277

A new subspecies of the Anatolia Newt, Neurergus strauchii munzurensis n. ssp., is described from eastern Anatolia (Tunceli Province, Turkey). The new taxon differs from other related subspecies by its characteristic color pattern especially the number and diameter of spots on head, dorsum, tail and limbs. Its distribution is limited to the type locality (20 km north of Tunceli Province, Turkey).

A new subspecies, Lyciasalamandra atifi oezi n. ssp. (Urodela: Salamandridae) from Gazipasa (Antalya, Turkey) has been described.

TOK, C.V., M. AFSAR & B.Y. YAKIN (2016): A new subspecies, Lyciasalamandra atifi oezi n. ssp. (Urodela: Salamandridae) from Gazipasa (Antalya, Turkey).- Ecol. Mont., 9: 38-45

BUSACK, S.D., A. SALVADOR, A.M. BAUER & H. KAISER published a paper, Darevskia ARRIBAS, 1997 has to replaced by Caucasilacerta HARRIS, ARNOLD & THOMAS, 1998

BUSACK, S.D., A. SALVADOR, A.M. BAUER & H. KAISER (2016): Darevskia and Iberolacerta (Reptilia, Lacertidae): Arribas, 1997 or 1999? The correct dating of two nomenclatural acts affecting Palearctic lizards, and validation of the name Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold & Thomas, 1998.- Bionomina, 10: 61–73.

A doctoral thesis presented in the late 1990s by Óscar J. Arribas has been frequently cited as the authority for the nomenclatural status of two generic names in the lizard family Lacertidae, Darevskia and Iberolacerta. These names were again introduced, along with the addition of the subgeneric name Pyrenesaura, in 1999 via publication in an international, peer-reviewed journal. We discuss nomenclatural aspects of how these taxon names were presented, detail inconsistencies in the use of publication dates associated with these names, and resolve nomenclatural problems by demonstrating that the date of their first publication, in compliance with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, was 1999. This renders the name Darevskia Arribas, 1999 a junior invalid synonym of Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold & Thomas, 1998, which, contrary to previous assessment, is not a nomen nudum, and must replace Darevskia as the valid name for this genus.

Until this view is accepted more widely, the genus name Darevskia will be retained here in this database!

from webseite (2016-11-18):
Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold & Thomas, 1998 has been considered as a nomen nudum during the last 18 years (Arnold et al., 2007). Recently a paper by Busack et al. (2016) suggest that the publication of Arribas (2007) in microfiche is not valid, and that Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold and Thomas, 1998 is valid, and has priority over Darevskia Arribas, 1999. In fact Busack et al. (2016) were unaware that a case was submitted to the ICZN to validate the Arribas (1997) publication in microfiche, which was perfectly valid when published (according the 1985 version of the Code), however not according the current version (ICZN, 2000 and actualizations) that only allow publication in paper and optical disks, with retroactive effect. If a case is accepted for consideration, Art 82.1 of the Code protects the widespread used nomen, until the Comission reach a verdict. A paper has been submitted which will reply to Busack et al. (2016), explaining in detail why Caucasilacerta is really a nomen nudum (Arribas, in press).

Oscar Arribas, Igor Doronin

also see:
Arribas, O. (2016): WHY Caucasilacerta HARRIS, ARNOLD ET THOMAS, 1998 IS A NOMEN NUDUM? - Russ. J. Herpetol. 23(4): 305 - 306

Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold et Thomas, 1998 has been considered as a nomen nudum for the last 18 years. The main reason for this was the lack of a diagnosis or reference to it. Now, some authors argue that a paragraph in the same paper could be a valid diagnosis and thus Caucasilacerta might be an available valid name. In the present manuscript I demonstrate that Caucasilacerta is a nomen nudum by: a) the lack of diagnosis or reference to it accompanying (sic! mandatory in the ICZN) to the new name; b) the alleged diagnosis (fide Busack et al., 2016) is 102 lines away (two pages, including a figure and its legend) and there is not a reference to it accompanying the new name; and c) the subject of the alleged diagnosis are “the Rock-dwelling lacertids in the Caucasus” (sic.!), different from the group to which the new name supposedly refers to, the “L. saxicola group” (sic!). A relationship between both names that can only be ascertained by a specialist in the group and the concerned geographic area. As a result of that, Caucasilacerta is a nomen nudum, unavailable, and thus it is not even a Junior Synonym of Darevskia Arribas, 1997.

Split of Podarcis tauricus in

Podarcis tauricus
Podarcis ionicus.

Psonis, N., A. Antoniou, O. Kukushkin, D. Jablonski, B. Petrov, J. Crnobrnja-Isailovic, K. Sotiropoulos, I. Gherghel, P. Lymberakis & N. Poulakakis (2016): Hidden diversity in the Podarcis tauricus (Sauria, Lacertidae) species subgroup in the light of multilocus phylogeny and species delimitation.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106 (2017): 6–17

Two new Hemidactylus geckos from Yemen and south-west Saudi Arabia:
Hemidactylus asirensis and
Hemidactylus alfarraji

Hemidactylus montanus and Hemidactylus pauciporosus are full species now (formerly ssp. of Hemidactylus yerburii)

Smíd, J., M. Shobrak, T. Wilms, U. Joger & S. Carranza (2016): Endemic diversification in the mountains: genetic,morphological, and geographical differentiation of the Hemidactylus geckos in southwestern Arabia.- Org Divers Evol., DOI 10.1007/s13127-016-0293-3. 19 pp.

In this study, we provide genetic, morphological, and geographical comparisons for 11 species of the southwestern Arabian radiation of Hemidactylus geckos, nine of which are endemic to the region. By using a coalescence-based species-tree reconstruction in combination with divergence time estimations and speciation probability testing, we show that most of the speciation events occurred in the Pliocene, which is more recent than previously thought based on calibrations of concatenated data sets. The current dating indicates that the changing climate at the beginning of the Pliocene, from hot and dry to cold and wet, is likely responsible for increased speciation in Hemidactylus. Analyses of geographic and altitudinal overlap of the species and their morphological differentiation show that most species do not occur in sympatry. Those that overlap geographically are usually differentiated by their altitudinal preference, head shape, body size, or their combination. Our results indicate that the topographically complex mountains of southwestern Arabia support a significant radiation of Hemidactylus geckos by allowing multiple allopatric speciation events to occur in a relatively small area. Consequently, we describe two new species endemic to the Asir Mountains of Saudi Arabia, H. alfarraji sp. n. and H. asirensis sp. n., and elevate two former subspecies of H. yerburii to a species level, H. montanus and H. pauciporosus.

Split of Asaccus caudivolvulus into three species:
Asaccus caudivolvulus
Asaccus gardneri
and Asaccus margaritae.

Carranza, S., M. Simó-Riudalbas, S. Jayasinghe, T. Wilms & J. Els (2016): Microendemicity in the northern Hajar Mountains of Oman and the United Arab Emirates with the description of two new species of geckos of the genus Asaccus (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae).- PeerJ 4:e2371; DOI 10.7717/peerj.2371. 36 pp.

Background. The Hajar Mountains of Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the highest mountain range in Eastern Arabia. As a result of their old geological origin, geographical isolation, complex topography and local climate, these mountains provide an important refuge for endemic and relict species of plants and animals with strong Indo-Iranian affinities. Among vertebrates, the rock climbing nocturnal geckos of the genus Asaccus represent the genus with the highest number of endemic species in the Hajar Mountains. Recent taxonomic studies on the Zagros populations of Asaccus have shown that this genus is much richer than it was previously thought and preliminary morphological and molecular data suggest that its diversity in Arabia may also be underestimated. Methods. A total of 83 specimens originally classified as Asaccus caudivolvulus (including specimens of the two new species described herein), six other Asaccus species from the Hajar and the Zagros Mountains and two representatives of the genus Haemodracon were sequenced for up to 2,311 base pairs including the mitochondrial 12S and cytb and the nuclear c-mos, MC1R and ACM4 genes. Phylogenetic relationships were inferred using both Bayesian and maximum-likelihood approaches and the former method was also used to calibrate the phylogenetic tree. Haplotype networks and phylogenetic trees were inferred from the phased nuclear genes only. Sixty-one alcohol-preserved adult specimens originally classified as Asaccus caudivolvulus from the northern Hajar Mountains were examined for 13 morphometric and the five meristic variables using multivariate methods and were also used to diagnose and describe the two new species. Results. The results of the molecular and morphological analyses indicate that the species originally classified as Asaccus caudivolvulus is, in fact, an assemblage of three different species that started diversifying during the Mid-Miocene. The molecular phylogenies consistently recovered the Hajar endemic A. montanus as sister taxon to all the other Asaccus species included in the analyses, rendering the Arabian species of Asaccus polyphyletic. Discussion. Using this integrative approach we have uncovered a very old diversification event that has resulted in a case of microendemicity, where three morphologically and ecologically similar medium-sized lizard species coexist in a very short and narrow mountain stretch. Asaccus caudivolvulus is restricted to a small coastal area of the UAE and at risk from heavy development, while the two new species described herein are widely distributed across the northern tip of the Hajar Mountains and seem to segregate in altitude when found in close proximity in the Musandam Peninsula (Oman). Similarly to other integrative analyses of Hajar reptiles, this study highlights the high level of diversity and endemicity of this arid mountain range, underscoring its status as one of the top hotspots of reptile diversity in Arabia.

A new ssp. of Lyciasalamandra billae, from the hills SW of Antalya (Turkey) has been described:
Lyciasalamandra billae eikeae GODMANN, KARIS & GÖÇMEN, 2016

Godmann, O., M. Karis & B. Göçmen (2016): Geographic nestedness of Lyciasalamandra billae (Amphibia: Salamandridae) populations within L. antalyana and description of a new subspecies.- Zoology in the Middle East, 2016 (early view, publ. 1st July, 2016)

A new subspecies of the Bille’s Lycian Salamander Lyciasalamandra billae is described from four localities in the vicinity of Geyikbayiri nearby Antalya, Turkey. It is distinguished from the nominotypical subspecies by colouration and surface pattern. The distribution area of the new subspecies is nested within the range of Lyciasalamandra antalyana, with L. a. gocmeni bordering in the north and the range of L. a. antalyana bordering in the south. New localities of both L. antalyana subspecies are reported.

A new species of the lacertid genus Eremias has been described from the Isfahan province, Iran:
Eremias isfahanica

ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, SAEED HOSSEINIAN, SOOLMAZ RAFIEE, HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABIZADEH, MICHAEL WINK (2016): A new species of the genus Eremias Fitzinger, 1834 (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Central Iran, supported by mtDNA sequences and morphology.- Zootaxa Vol 4132, No 2

A new species of the lacertid genus Eremias Fitzinger, 1834 is described from northwest of Isfahan province, Central Iran. Two mitochondrial genes (cyt b and 12S DNA) were sequenced and analyzed as reliable molecular markers for the separation of this newly discovered species from closely related species within the genus Eremias: E. velox, E. persica, E. papenfussi, E. lalezharica, E. montana, E. strauchi, E. kopetdaghica and E. suphani. Genetic distances (K2-p) between any of these species with the newly described species are relatively high (27.5–32.8% for cyt b and 5.2–10.4% for 12S DNA). Phylogenetic analyses (MP, ML and BI) generated trees with very similar topologies. According to molecular and morphological data, Eremias isfahanica sp. nov. belongs to the subgenus Aspidorhinus, and is closely related to E. papenfussi. Because several new Eremias species have recently been described from the Iranian Plateau, we additionally provide an updated identification key.

A new viper from the northwestern Italian Alps with an unexpected relationship has been described.

Vipera walser

GHIELMI, S., M. MENEGON, S.J. MARSDEN, L. LADDAGA & S. URSENBACHER (2016): A new vertebrate for Europe: the discovery of a range-restricted relict viper in the western Italian Alps.- J Zool Syst Evol Res 54(3): 161 - 173

We describe Vipera walser, a new viper species from the north-western Italian Alps. Despite an overall morphological resemblance with Vipera berus, the new species is remarkably distinct genetically from both V. berus and other vipers occurring in western Europe and shows closer affinities to species occurring only in the Caucasus. Morphologically, the new species appear to be more similar to V. berus than to its closest relatives occurring in the Caucasus, but can be readily distinguished in most cases by a combination of meristic features as confirmed by discriminant analysis. The extant population shows a very low genetic variability measured with mitochondrial markers, suggesting that the taxon has suffered a serious population reduction/bottleneck in the past. The species is extremely range-restricted (less than 500 km2) and occurs only in two disjunct sites within the high rainfall valleys of the Alps north of Biella. This new species should be classified as globally ‘endangered’ due to its small and fragmented range, and an inferred population decline. The main near-future threats to the species are habitat changes associated with reduced grazing, along with persecution and collecting.

Members of the genus Amietophrynus:

Amietophrynus arabicus
Amietophrynus dodsoni
Amietophrynus kassasii
Amietophrynus mauritanicus
Amietophrynus regularis
Amietophrynus tihamicus
Amietophrynus xeros

are now in the female genus Sclerophrys TSCHUDI, 1838

Sclerophrys arabica
Sclerophrys dodsoni
Sclerophrys kassasii
Sclerophrys mauritanica
Sclerophrys regularis
Sclerophrys tihamica
Sclerophrys xeros

The north African waterfrogs, Pelophylax saharicus have been split into 3 species:

Pelophylax saharicus (BOULENGER, 1913): Algeria (maybe westwards to Moulouya river in Morocco)
Pelophylax riodeoroi (SALVADOR & PERIS, 1975): Morocco (east border?), Western Sahara
Pelophylax zavattari (SCORTECCI, 1936): central and east Tunisia, Libya, NW Egypt


A new concept for the Mountain vipers of the Near and Middle East (Montivipera NILSON et al., 2001).

The following species within the xanthina- and raddei-Rassenkreise are full species:

Montivipera xanthina
Montivipera wagneri
Montivipera bornmuelleri
Montivipera bulgardaghica (with ssp. Montivipera b. bulgardaghica & M. b. albizona)

Montivipera raddei (kurdistanica and albicornuta are synonyms of M. raddei)
Montivipera latifii
Montivipera kuhrangica

Stümpel, N., M. Rajabizadeh, A. Avci, W. Wüster & U. Joger (2016): Phylogeny and diversification of mountain vipers (Montivipera, Nilson et al., 2001) triggered by multiple Plio–Pleistocene refugia and high-mountain topography in the Near and Middle East.- Mol. Phyl. Evol. 101: 336–351

Karin et al., 2016 split the circumtropical Mabuya group. For the area, covered here by this database,

Trachylepis vittata
Trachylepis aurata
Trachylepis septemtaeniata

are now in the masculin genus Heremites GRAY, 1845

Heremites vittatus
Heremites auratus
Heremites septemtaeniatus

Benjamin R. Karin, Margarita Metallinou, Jeffrey L. Weinell, Todd R. Jackman, Aaron M. Bauer (2016): Resolving the higher-order phylogenetic relationships of the circumtropical Mabuya group (Squamata: Scincidae): an out-of-Asia diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2016), doi:

A genus gekkonid genus and species has been described from Iran: Parsigecko ziaiei

SAFAEI-MAHROO, B., H. GHAFFARI & S.C. ANDERSON (2016): A new genus and species of gekkonid lizard (Squamata: Gekkota: Gekkonidae) from Hormozgan Province with a revised key to gekkonid genera of Iran -- Zootaxa 4109(4): 428 - 444

Triturus ivanbureschi from Anatolia (Turkey) has been splitted again.
Newts from northern Anatolia - east of Bosphorus and lake Uludag, east to Trabzon are
Triturus anatolicus

B. WIELSTRA & J.W. ARNTZEN (2016): Description of a new species of crested newt, previously subsumed in Triturus ivanbureschi (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae).- Zootaxa 4109 (1): 073–080

A new species of the genus Microgecko

has been described from southern Iran: Microgecko chabaharensis GHOLAMIFARD, N. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, E. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, A. KHOSRAVANI, S.S. HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHAN & ORAEI, 2016

ALI GHOLAMIFARD, NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AZAR KHOSRAVANI, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, HAMZEH ORAEI (2016): A new species of the genus Microgecko Nikolsky, 1907 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from southern Iran. -- Zootaxa Vol 4093, No 1; 21 Mar. 2016

A complete overlooked species of Leptotyphlopidae has been described in 2014!!!
Myriopholis lanzai BROADLEY, WADE & WALLACH,2014

destributed in SW Libya (Ghat oasis, Fezzan province), and adjacent Chad.


The former subspecies Natrix n. astreptophora is a full species now: Natrix astreptophora

Pokrant, F., C. Kindler, M. Ivanov, M. Cheylan, Ph. Geniez, W. Böhme & U. Fritz (2016): Integrative taxonomy provides evidence for the species status of the Ibero-Maghrebian grass snake Natrix astreptophora.- Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12782

New arrangement within the lacertid Darevskia praticola.

Darevskia praticola pontica has been synonymized with D. p. praticola.
Darevskia p. hungarica SOBOLEWSKIJ, 1930 has been re-established for the Balkan Peninsula populations.

FREITAS, S., A. VAVAKOU, M. ARAKELYAN, S.V. DROVETSKI, J. CRNOBRNJA-ISAILOVIC, A.A. KIDOV, D. COGALNICEANU, C. CORTI, P. LYMBERAKIS, D.J. HARRIS & M.A. CARRETERO (2016): Cryptic diversity and unexpected evolutionary patterns in the meadow lizard, Darevskia praticola (Eversmann, 1834). -- Systematics and Biodiversity (2016)

OHLER, A. & A. DUBOIS (2016) replaced the genus name Amietophrynus FROST et al., 2006 by Sclerophrys TSCHUDI, 1838.

This would affect the following bufonid species, listed here in the database:

Amietophrynus arabicus
Amietophrynus dodsoni
Amietophrynus kassasii
Amietophrynus mauritanicus
Amietophrynus regularis
Amietophrynus tihamicus
Amietophrynus xeros

Annemarie Ohler and Alain Dubois (2016): The identity of the South African toad Sclerophrys capensis TSCHUDI 1838 (Amphibia, Anura).- PeerJ 4:e1553; DOI 10.7717/peerj.1553

For now, until acceptance, these species will be listed with the genus name Amietophrynus.

A new toad headed agama from Al Sharqiyah Sands (Wahiba sands), northeastern Oman:
Phrynocephalus sakoi

Melnikov, D., E. Melnikova, R. Nazarov, A. Al-Johany & N.B. Ananjeva (2015): A NEW SPECIES OF Phrynocephalus (AGAMIDAE, SAURIA) FROM AL SHARQIYAH SANDS, NORTHEASTERN OMAN, DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF SAKO TUNIYEV (1983 – 2015).- Russ. J. Herpetology 22(4): 301 - 309

Split of Eirenis persicus (complex) into:

Eirenis persicus: SW Iran
Eirenis occidentalis.: SE Turkey, N Iraq, W Iran
Eirenis nigrofasciatus: NE, W and S Iran
Eirenis walteri: E Iran, SW Turkmenistan, W and S Pakistan
Eirenis angusticeps: NE Pakistan
Eirenis mcmahoni: NW Pakistan

Rajabizadeh, M., Z.T. Nagy, D. Adriaens, A. Avci, R. Masroor, J. Schmidtler, R. Nazarov, H. Reza Esmaeili & J. Christiaens (2015): Alpine–Himalayan orogeny drove correlated morphological, molecular, and ecological diversification in the Persian dwarf snake (Squamata: Serpentes: Eirenis persicus).- Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (early view)

Splitting of the genus Rhynchocalamus and of the species R. melanocephalus

The former Rhynchocalamus barani is now Muhtarophis barani
The ssp. R. melanocephalus satunini is a full species now: Rhynchocalamus satunini

AVCI, A., C. ILGAZ, M. RAJABIZADEH, C. YILMAZ, N. ÜZÜM, D. ADRIAENS, Y. KUMLUTAS & K. OLGUN (2015): Molecular Phylogeny and Micro CT-scanning revealed extreme cryptic biodiversity in Kukri snake, Muhtarophis gen. nov., a new genus for Rhynchocalamus barani (Serpentes: Colubridae).- Russ. J. Herp. 22(3): 159 - 174

Split of the Bunopus geckos.
Bunopus spatalurus is now Trachydactylus spatalurus
Bunopus sp. hajarensis was raised to species level: Trachydactylus hajarensis

DE POUS, Ph., L. MACHADO, M. METALLINOU, J. CERVENKA, L. KRATOCHVIL, N. PASCHOU, T. MAZUCH, J. SMID, M. SIMO-RIUDALBAS, D. SANUY & S. CARRANZA (2015): Taxonomy and biogeography of Bunopus spatalurus (Reptilia; Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula.- J Zoolog Syst Evol Res doi: 10.1111/jzs.12107. 15 pp.

Some Arabian and Horn of Africa toads changed the genus:

Bufo tihamicus => Amietophrynus tihamicus
Duttaphrynus dodsoni => Amietophrynus dodsoni
Duttaphrynus arabicus => Amietophrynus arabicus

PORTIK, D.M. & T.J. PAPENFUSS (2015): Historical biogeography resolves the origins of endemic Arabian toad lineages (Anura: Bufonidae): Evidence for ancient vicariance and dispersal events with the Horn of Africa and South Asia -- BMC Evolutionary Biology (2015) 15:152

A new subspecies of Atif's Lycian Salamander, Lyciasalamandra atifi bayrami has been described.

Yildiz, M.Z. & B. Akman (2015): A new subspecies of Atif's Lycian Salamander, Lyciasalamandra atifi (BASOGLU, 1967) from Alanya (Antalya, Turkey).- Herpetozoa 28(1/2): 3 - 13

From subspecies to species:
Hierophis viridiflavus carbonarius deserves species status => Hierophis carbonarius.

MEZZASALMA, M., A. DALL’ASTA, A. LOY, M. CHEYLAN, P. LYMBERAKIS, M.A.L. ZUFFI, L. TOMOVIC, G. ODIERNA & F.M. GUARINO (2015): A sisters’ story: comparative phylogeography and taxonomy of Hierophis viridiflavus and H. gemonensis (Serpentes, Colubridae).- Zool. Scripta; doi:10.1111/zsc.12115; 14 pp.

A new monitor from the Iran-Iraq border area and SW Zagros mountains:
Varanus nesterovi

Böhme, W., K. Ehrlich, K. Milto, N. Orlov & S. Scholz (2015): A NEW SPECIES OF DESERT MONITOR LIZARD (VARANIDAE: Varanus: Psammosaurus) FROM THE WESTERN ZAGROS REGION (IRAQ, IRAN) -- Russ. J. Herpetol. 22(1): 41 – 52

Top level lumping!
All Iranian Montivipera are lumped together into the species Montivipera raddei

Rastegar-Pouyani, E., H. Oraie, A. Khosravani, M. Kaboli, A. Mobaraki, M. Yousefi, R. Behrooz, Z. Fakharmanesh & M. Wink (2014): A re-evaluation of taxonomic status of Montivipera (Squamata: Viperidae) from Iran using a DNA barcoding approach.- Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 57: 350 - 356

Comment: in the database, the former species still will be kept under their names (M. latifii, M. raddei kurdistanica, M. r. "albicornuta", M. kuhrangica) at the time

Eremias strauchi kopetdaghica is reevaluated to full species = Eremias kopetdaghica

Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani & Michael Wink (2015): Taxonomic reevaluation of Eremias strauchi strauchi Kessler, 1878 and Eremias strauchi kopetdaghica Szczerbak, 1972, based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae).- Zool. Middle East 61(2): 118–124

Augusto Cattaneo described two new subspecies of Montivipera xanthina:
Montivipera x. nilsoni from the Dodecanes island Chios, and
Montivipera x. dianae from the Dodecanes island Leros.

CATTANEO, A. (2014): VARIABILITÀ E SOTTOSPECIE DI MONTIVIPERA XANTHINA (GRAY, 1849) NELLE ISOLE EGEE ORIENTALI (Reptilia Serpentes Viperidae) -- Naturalista sicil., S. IV, XXXVIII(1): 51-83

Split of Ptyodactylus ragazzii in Ptyodactylus ragazzii ANDERSON, 1898 (Ethiopia) and Ptyodactylus togoensis TORNIER, 1901 (Algeria, Mauritania , Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger).

Margarita Metallinou, M., J. Cervenka, P.-A. Crochet, L. Kratochvíl, T. Wilms, Ph. Geniez, M.Y. Shobrak, J.C. Brito & S. Carranza (2015): Species on the rocks: Systematics and biogeography of the rock-dwelling Ptyodactylus geckos (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) in North Africa and Arabia.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 85: 208 - 220

Lissotriton vulgaris kosswigi has species status now: Lissotriton kosswigi

Wielstra, B., E. Bozkurt & K. Olgun (2015): The distribution and taxonomy of Lissotriton newts in Turkey (Amphibia, Salamandridae).- ZooKeys 484: 11–23

3 new species within the Hemidactylus robustus group:
Hemidactylus adensis
Hemidactylus mandebensis from Yemen
and Hemidactylus awashensis from Ethiopia

SMID, J., J. MORAVEC, L. KRATOCHVIL, A.K. NASHER, T. MAZUCH, V. GVOZDIK & S. CARRANZA (2015): Multilocus phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the Hemidactylus robustus species group (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) with descriptions of three new species from Yemen and Ethiopia.- Systematics and Biodiversity (2015), 1 - 23

A new Phrynocephalus from the "hottest place on earth", Phrynocephalus lutensis (Lut desert, Iran) has been described.

KAMRAN KAMALI & STEVEN C. ANDERSON (2015): A New Iranian Phrynocephalus (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from the hottest place on earth and a key to the genus Phrynocephalus in southwestern Asia and Arabia.- Zootaxa 3904 (2): 249–260

Platyceps mintonorum new status.
Described by MERTENS, 1969 as Coluber karelini mintonorum.

Schätti, B., F. Tillack & C. Kucharzewski (2014): Platyceps rhodorachis (Jan, 1863) – a study of the racer genus Platyceps Blyth, 1860 east of the Tigris (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae).- Vertebrate Zoology 64(3): 297 - 405

A new Elapid species from Iran has been described:
Bungarus persicus

Elham Abtin, Göran Nilson, Asghar Mobaraki, Ashraf Ali Hosseini, Mousa Dehgannejhad (2014): A New Species of Krait, Bungarus (Reptilia, Elapidae, Bungarinae) and the First Record of that Genus in Iran.- Russ. J. Herpetol. 21(4): 243 - 250

New arrangement within the Anatololacerta sp. complex:
Anatololacerta oertzeni budaki is raised to species level.
Anatololacerta oertzeni pelasgiana is raised to species level.
Anatololacerta oertzeni oerzteni = Anatololacerta anatolica oertzeni new status

Species now within Anatololacerta:
Anatololaceta anatolica
Anatololacerta budaki
Anatololacerta danfordi
Anatololacerta pelasgiana

Bellati, A., S. Carranza, J. Garcia-Porta, M. Fasola & R. Sindaco (2015): Cryptic diversity within the Anatololacerta species complex (Squamata: Lacertidae) in the Anatolian Peninsula: Evidence from a multi-locus approach.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 219–233

A new subspecies of Lyciasalamandra antalyana from north of the town Antalya has been described: Lyciasalamandra antalyana gocmeni

Akman, B. & O. Godmann (2014): A new subspecies of Lyciasalamandra antalyana (Amphibia: Salamandridae) from the Lycian Coast, Turkey.- SALAMANDRA 50(3): 125–132.

A new Hemidactylus from coastal Oman and extreme east Yemen, Hemidactylus minutus has been described.

VASCONCELOS & CARRANZA (2014): Systematics and biogeography of Hemidactylus homoeolepis Blanford, 1881 (Squamata: Gekkonidae), with the description of a new species from Arabia.- Zootaxa 3835 (4): 501–527

Pristurus rupestris has been split in two species:
Pristurus rupestris is destributed now only in UAE and NE Oman
The new species, Pristurus sp. 1 now (not clear, which of the available names, Pristurus r. guweirensis HAAS, 1943 or Pristurus migiurtinicus SCORTECCI, 1933 have to be used, due to the lack of P. migiurtinicus).

BADIANE, A., J. GARCIA-PORTA, J. CERVENKA, L. KRATOCHVÍL, R. SINDACO, M.D. ROBINSON, H. MORALES, T. MAZUCH, T. PRICE, F. AMAT, M.Y. SHOBRAK, T. WILMS, M. SIMÓ-RIUDALBAS, F. AHMADZADEH, T.J. PAPENFUSS, A. CLUCHIER, J. VIGLIONE & S. CARRANZA (2014): Phylogenetic relationships of Semaphore geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an assessment of the taxonomy of Pristurus rupestris.- Zootaxa 3835 (1): 033–058

Revision of the Phrynocephalus arabicus complex.
Prynocephalus nejdensis HAAS, 1957 from S Jordan and N central Saudi Arabia, and Phrynocephalus macropeltis HAAS, 1957 from central east coastal region of Saudi Arabia and UAE are revalidated.
Phrynocephalus ahvazicus from SW Iran is described new.

Melnikov, D., E. Melnikova, R. Nazarov, M. Rajabizadeh, A. Al-Johany, Z.S. Amr & N.B. Ananjeva (2014): TAXONOMIC REVISION OF Phrynocephalus arabicus ANDERSON, 1984 COMPLEX WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES FROM AHVAZ, SOUTH-WESTERN IRAN.- Russian Journal of Herpetology 21(2): 149 – 159

Splitting of the Typhlopidae
New subfamilies and genera in bold letters:
Subfamily Afrotyphlopinae subfam. nov.:
Subfamily Asiatyphlopinae subfam. nov.:
Xerotyphlops: now T. vermicularis, T. wilsoni and T. socotranus are Xerotyphlops vermicularis, Xerotyphlops wilsoni and Xerotyphlops socotranus
Subfamily Madatyphlopinae subfam. nov.:
Subfamily Typhlopinae: Amerotyphlops

Hedges, S.B., A.B. Marion, K.M. Lipp, J. Marin & N. Vidal (2014): A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata).- Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61

a new subspecies of Iberolacerta monticola:
Iberolacerta m. astur

ARRIBAS, O.J., P. GALÁN, N. REMÓN & H. NAVEIRA (2014): A new mountain lizard from Montes de León (NW Iberian Peninsula): Iberolacerta monticola astur ssp. nov. (Squamata: Lacertidae).- Zootaxa 3796 (2): 201–236

Pelomedusa subrufa has been split in 10(12) species.
Specimens from the Arabian peninsula (Yemen, Saudi Arabia) are now Pelomedusa barbata sp. nov.
For west African specimens Pelomedusa olivacea (SCHWEIGGER, 1812) has been resurrected from its synonymy.

PETZOLD, A., M. VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, C. KEHLMAIER, M. VAMBERGER, W.R. BRANCH, L. DU PREEZ, M.D. HOFMEYR, L. MEYER, A. SCHLEICHER, P. ŠIROKÝ & U. FRITZ (2014): A revision of African helmeted terrapins (Testudines: Pelomedusidae: Pelomedusa), with descriptions of six new species.- Zootaxa 3795 (5): 523–548


Blanus strauchi has been split into three species:
Blanus s. strauchi (BEDRIAGA, 1884) and Blanus s. bedriagae BOULENGER, 1884: SW Turkey
Blanus aporus WERNER, 1898: central Anatolian south coast
Blanus alexandri sp. nov.: SE Anatolia

SINDACO, R., P. KORNILIOS, R. SACCHI & P. LYMBERAKIS (2014): Taxonomic reassessment of Blanus strauchi (Bedriaga, 1884) (Squamata: Amphisbaenia: Blanidae), with the description of a new species from south-east Anatolia (Turkey).- Zootaxa 3795 (3): 311–326

New names for the Podarcis hispanicus Types have been published:

Podarcis guadarramae (Boscá, 1916) for Podarcis hispanicus Type I
P. guadarramae lusitanicus ssp. nov. for Podarcis hispanicus Type IA
Podarcis virescens sp. nov. for Podarcis hispanicus Type II

Systematics of the Podarcis hispanicus complex (Sauria, Lacertidae) III: valid nomina of the western and central Iberian forms.
Zootaxa 3794 (1): 001–051

The Mascarene frogs Ptychadena nilotica from the White Nile river drainage have been resurrected from the synonymy of Ptychadena mascareniensis.

Dehling, J.M. & U. Sinsch (2013): Diversity of Ridged Frogs (Anura: Ptychadenidae: Ptychadena spp.) in wetlands of the upper Nile in Rwanda: Morphological, bioacoustic, and molecular evidence -- Zoologischer Anzeiger 253: 143–157

Four new lizards from north Iran and adjacent Turkmenistan:
Darevskia caspica, Darevskia kamii, Darevskia kopetdaghica and Darevskia schaekeli.

Ahmadzadeh, F., M. Flecks, M.A. Carretero, O. Mozaffari, W. Böhme, D.J. Harris, S. Freitas & D. Rödder (2013): Cryptic Speciation Patterns in Iranian Rock Lizards Uncovered by Integrative Taxonomy -- PLoS ONE 8(12): e80563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080563
And a new subspecies of Phoenicolacerta kulzeri, The Wadi Ramm lizard, Phoenicolacerta kulzeri khazaliensis has been described.

Modrý, D., P. Necas, L. Rifai, W. Bischoff, N. Hamidan & Z. Amr (2013): Revision of the Levantine “Lacerta” laevis / kulzeri-Complex: 3. The Rock Lizard of Wadi Ramm, Phoenicolacerta kulzeri khazaliensis ssp. n.- Vertebrate Zoology 63(3): 307 - 312

A new toad-headed agama from southern Iran has been described: Phrynocephalus ananjevae

Melnikov, D., E. Melnikova, R. Nazarov & M. Rajabizadeh (2013): TAXONOMIC REVISION OF PHRYNOCEPHALUS PERSICUS DE FILIPPI, 1863 COMPLEX WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES FROM ZAGROS, SOUTHERN IRAN.- Curr. Studies in Herpetol. 13(1/2): 34 - 46

A new gecko, Stenodactylus sharqiyahensis, from the Sharqiyah (Wahiba) Sands in northeastern Oman has been described.

METALLINOU, M. & S. CARRANZA (2013): New species of Stenodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Sharqiyah Sands in northeastern Oman.- Zootaxa 3745 (4): 449–468

Hemidactylus granosus Heyden, 1827 is resurrected from the synonymy of H. turcicus
From Yemen Hemidactylus ulii is described new.

Smíd, J., J. Moravec, L. Kratochvíl, V. Gvozdik, A.K. Nasher, S.M. Busais, T. Wilms, M.Y. Shobrak & S. Carranza (2013): Two newly recognized species of Hemidactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula and Sinai, Egypt. -- ZooKeys 355: 79–107

A new fringe-toed lizard from southern Iran has been described:


HEIDARI, N., N. RASTEGAR POUYANI, E. RASTEGAR-POUYANI & M. RAJABIZADEH (2013): A new species of Acanthodactylus Fitzinger 1834 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from southern Iran.- Zootaxa 3722 (3): 333–346

A new subspecies of Tarentola neglecta has been described:

Tarentola neglecta lanzai BSHAENA & JOGER, 2013

Bshaena, I. & U. Joger (2013): A new gecko from Libya: Tarentola neglecta lanzai n. ssp. .- Amphibia-Reptilia 34: 353-362

A new gecko from Iran:
Tropiocolotes naybandensis KRAUSE, AHMADZADEH, MOAZENI, WAGNER & WILMS, 2013

KRAUSE, V., F. AHMADZADEH, M. MOAZENI, PH. WAGNER & T.M. WILMS (2013): A new species of the genus Tropiocolotes Peters, 1880 from western Iran (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae). - Zootaxa 3716 (1): 022 – 038

A new subspecies of Darevskia praticola:
Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN, 2013

Tuniyev, S.B., I.V. Doronin, B.S. Tuniyev, A.L. Aghasyan, A.A. Kidov & L.A. Aghasyan (2013): NEW SUBSPECIES OF MEADOW LIZARD, Darevskia praticola loriensis ssp. nov. (REPTILIA: SAURIA) FROM ARMENIA.- Russian Journal of Herpetology 20(3): 223 – 237.

The Italian lineage of Slow Worms:
The first proposed name Anguis cinerea has been replaced by the older name Anguis veronensis, POLLINI, 1818.

Gvozdík, V., N. Benkovsky, A. Crottini, A. Bellati, J. Moravec, A. Romano, R. Sacchi & D. Jandzik (2013): An ancient lineage of slow worms, genus Anguis (Squamata: Anguidae), survived in the Italian Peninsula.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (in press).

We have a new viper species, distributed in the east of the Caucasus Isthmus: Vipera shemakheninsis


Three new Fan-footed Geckos from the Near East:
Ptyodactylus ananjevae from south Jordan, Ptyodactylus orlovi and Ptyodactylus dhofarensis from Oman.


A new species of Amphibians Triturus ivanbureschi has been described. The new species replaces the European populations of Triturus karelinii.
Triturus arntzeni has been synomized with Triturus macedonicus-

WIELSTRA, B., S.N. LITVINCHUK, B. NAUMOV, N. TZANKOV & J.W. ARNTZEN (2013): A revised taxonomy of crested newts in the Triturus karelinii group (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae), with the description of a new species.- Zootaxa 3682 (3): 441–453

The Italian Slow Worms have been split off the Central and Western European main stem of Anguis fragilis.
They are now Anguis cinerea RISSO, 1826

Gvozdík, V., N. Benkovsky, A. Crottini, A. Bellati, J. Moravec, A. Romano, R. Sacchi & D. Jandzik (2013): An ancient lineage of slow worms, genus Anguis (Squamata: Anguidae), survived in the Italian Peninsula.- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (in press).

A new genus for the Palaestinian or Hula Painted Frog Discoglossus nigriventer.
Now Latonia nigriventer.

Biton, R., E. Geffen, M. Vences, O. Cohen, S. Bailon, R. Rabinovich, Y. Malka, T. Oron, R. Boistel, V. Brumfeld & S. Gafny (2013): The rediscovered Hula painted frog is a living fossil.- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS | 4:1959

Pseudotrapelus jensvendumi MELNIKOV, ANANJEVA & PAPENFUSS, 2013 and Pseudotrapelus dhofarensis MELNIKOV & PIERSON added.

Melnikov, D.A., N.B. Ananjeva & T.J. Papenfuss (2013): A NEW SPECIES OF Pseudotrapelus (AGAMIDAE, SAURIA) FROM NIZWA, OMAN.- Russian Journal of Herpetology 20(1): 79 – 84

Melnikov, D. & T. Pierson (2012): A NEW SPECIES OF PSEUDOTRAPELUS (AGAMIDAE, SAURIA) FROM DHOFAR, OMAN.- Current Studies in Herpetology 12(3/4): 143 - 151

A new subspecies of the Maghrebian Fire salamander, Salamandra algira splendens has been described, and for the endemic toad of Morocco, former Bufo brongersmai, a new genus Barbarophryne has been established, so now Barbarophryne brongersmai.

BEUKEMA, W., PH. DE POUS, D. DONAIRE-BARROSO, S. BOGAERTS, J. GARCIA-PORTA, D. ESCORIZA, O.J. ARRIBAS, EL H. EL MOUDEN & S. CARRANZA (2013): Review of the systematics, distribution, biogeography and natural history of Moroccan amphibians.- Zootaxa 3661 (1): 001–060

Van Bocxlaer, I., S.D. Biju, S.P. Loader & F. Bossuy (2009): Toad radiation reveals into-India dispersal as a source of endemism in the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot.- BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:131

Taxonomic changes:

Bufo dhufarensis => Duttaphrynus dhufarensis
Bufo dodsoni => Duttaphrynus dodsoni
Bufo olivaceus => Duttaphrynus olivaceus
Bufo scorteccii => Duttaphrynus scorteccii
Bufo stomaticus => Duttaphrynus stomaticus

BAUER, A.M., R. MASROOR, J. TITUS-MCQUILLAN, M.P. HEINICKE, J.D. DAZA & T.R. JACKMAN (2013): A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications.- Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324

Taxonomic changes:

Tropiocolotes helenae => Microgecko helenae
Tropiocolotes latifi => Microgecko latifi
Tropiocolotes persicus => Microgecko persicus
Mediodactylus amictophole => Mediodactylus amictopholis
Mediodactylus heterocercum => Mediodactylus heterocercus
Cyrtopodion caspium => Tenuidactylus caspius
Cyrtopodion fedtschenkoi => Tenuidactylus fedtschenkoi
Cyrtopodion longipes => Tenuidactylus longipes
Cyrtopodion turcmenicum => Tenuidactylus turcmenicus

Baig, K.J., P, Wagner, N.B. Ananjeva & W. Böhme (2012): A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae).- Vertebrate Zoology 62(2): 213 – 260.

Split of the former Genus Laudakia into Laudakia, Paralaudakia and Stellagama

Taxonomic changes:

Laudakia caucasia => Paralaudakia caucasia
Laudakia lehmanni => Paralaudakia lehmanni
Laudakia microlepis => Paralaudakia microlepis
Laudakia erythrogastra => Paralaudakia erythrogastra
Laudakia stellio => Stellagama stellio