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Amphibians and Reptiles Database

Welcome to VipersGarden herpetological database!

The database is available in English language only.

At the moment the database contains 4300 pictures, representing 857 (91.8%) of total 934 species; 687 (73.6%) NCBI Taxon ID's (+ ssp., if available), and 11305 files related literature

To reduce the number of entries listed in the species-dropdown list, it is recommended to start with:
-> Class -> Family -> Species


Class:   Family:    Species:    

Here you may check the Amphibians and Reptile species occuring in a specific country:

Select Continent:    Select country:     

 

This is the FREE version of the database! Registered users have access to PDF files, listed at each species. Please log in or register to the database, if you are interested in literature.

This list quotes all, in different literature used (sub)species of Amphibians and Reptiles, if accepted or not.
The area, covered by this list: complete geographical Europe, North Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt) the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Yemen) and the Near and Middle East (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran) as well as the Caucasus countries (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan).
Additional the most important synonyms, NCBI taxon ID's and references are given.


What´s added new:
New (sub)species, taxonomic changes, etc., last update: 2017-04-04 13:38:43

2017-03-15: new Species added: Pelobates atlanticus, Pelobates hespericus
2017-03-04: Pics: Paralaudakia erythrogastra, Montivipera raddei "albicornuta"-Morph
2017-02-21: Pics: Macrovipera lebetina obtusa


The 10 latest literature entries:
[2017-05-25] Moritz, C., T. Uzzell, C. Spolsky, H. Hotz, I. Darevsky, L. Kupriyanova & F. Danielyan (1992): The material ancestry and approximate age of parthenogenetic species of Caucasian rock lizards (Lacerta: Lacertidae).- Genetica 87: 53-62
[2017-05-25] Nevo, E. (1981): Genetic Variation and Climatic Selection in the Lizard Agama stellio in Israel and Sinai .- Theor. Appl. Genet. 60: 369-380
[2017-05-25] Karpati, L. (1988): MASSENSTERBEN DER HERPETOFAUNA (AMPHIBIEN UND REPTILIEN) INFOLGE DES KRAFTVERKEHRS. MÖGLICHKEITEN UND ERGEBNISSE DES SCHUTZES AM SÜDUFER DES NEUSIEDLERSEES..- BFB-Bericht 68: 71 - 79
[2017-05-25] Tuniyev, B., C. Atayev & S. Shammakov (1998): REPORT ON FAUNA OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES FROM EASTERN KOPET DAG IN TURKMENISTAN.- Russ. J. Herpetol. 5(1): 74 – 81
[2017-05-25] Glandt, D. (1980): Die quantitative Vertikalverbreitung der Molch-Arten, Gattung Triturus (Amphibia, Urodela), in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.- Bonn. zool. Beitr. 31(1/2): 97 - 110
[2017-05-25] Knapp, W. (1974): Die jahreszeitliche Steuerung der Atmung in Abhängigkeit von Akklimationstemperatur und Experimentaltemperatur bei Triturus alpestris Laur. und Salamandra atra Laur. (Amphibia).- Oecologia (Berl.) 15: 353 - 374
[2017-05-24] Saoudi, M., A. Necer, M. Bensaci & I. Bouam (2017): Distribution extension of Agama impalearis (Boettger, 1874) (Reptilia: Agamidae), with a new record from Batna province, north-eastern Algeria.- Herpetology Notes, 10: 261-262
[2017-05-24] SLOTOPOLSKY, B (1921): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Verstümmelungs- und Regenerationsvorgänge am Lacertilierschwanze..- Viertelj.-Schr. naturf. Gesellsch. Zürich 66(4): 39 - 48
[2017-05-24] Ljubisavljevic, K., L. Polovic, V. Ikovi, S. Vuksanovi & T.D. Vukov (2017): Habitat use of endemic Balkan rock lizards (Dinarolacerta spp.).- SALAMANDRA 53(2): 279–284
[2017-05-23] Heusser, H. (1958): Markierungen an Amphibien.- Viertelj.-Schr. naturf. Gesellsch. Zürich 103(6): 304 - 320


PICTURES WANTED!

Contributors of pictures are welcome! Please download the info-form here.

Thanks to (in alphabetical order) for sharing pictures:

Gordon ACKERMANN, Beat AKERET, Ateah ALFAKIH, Stephane AUBRY, Michel AYMERICH, Gergely BABOCSAY, Thomas BADER, Marten v. d. BERG, Matthieu BERRONEAU, Wouter BEUKEMA, Herbert BILLING, Patrik BLOMSTEN, Serge BOGAERTS, Daniel BOHLE, Bobby BOK, Maciej BONK, Abdellah BOUAZZA, Vincenzo CAPUTO, Salvador CARRANZA, Vlad CIOFLEC, Jan DOHNAL, Gunter EHLERS, Alexander EPPLER, Mike ERIKZEN, Ömer ESER, Kevin ESSER, Amina FELLOUS, Erika FORVITH, Jürgen FROMMER, Cornelia GABLER, Sarig GAFNY, Luis GARCIA-CARDENETE, Andrew S. GARDNER, Jürgen GEBHART, Richard GEMEL, Philippe GENIEZ, Maarten GILBERT, Bayram GÖCMEN, Guillaume GOMARD, Rok GRZELJ, Ray HAMILTON, Guy HARRIS, David HEGNER, Berislav HORVATIC, Saeed HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, Guram IREMASHVILI, Soheila JAVANMARDI, Heidi JOST, Kamran KAMALI, Daniel KANE, Rami KHASHAB, Ingrid KOHL, Richard KOPECZKY, Guido KREINER, Paul LAMBOURNE, Barbod Safaei MAHROO, Gabriel Martinez del MARMOL MARIN, Tomas MAZUCH, Konrad MEBERT, Arie van der MEIJDEN, Shai MEIRI, Konstantin MILTO, David MODRY, Andreas MOELLER, Omid MOZAFFARI, John NEWBY, Andreas NÖLLERT, Peter OEFINGER, Torsten PANNER, Theodore PAPENFUSS, Mark PESTOV, Todd PIERSON, Rob PILLEY, Dmitri POLYAKOV, Patrick RANDALL, Maxim RHYZOV, Christoph RIEGLER, Alexandre ROUX, Enrique RUIZ, Jürgen SÄMANN, Soheil SAMI, Anja SANDER, Marco SANNOLO, Reza Babaei SAVASARI, Andre SCHMID, Sascha SCHMIDT, Willi SCHNEIDER, Sebastian SCHOLZ, Radek SEJKORA, Damien SHARJAH, Stanislav SHINKARENKO, Falk SIEGENTHALER, Maurizio SIGHELE, Aleksandar SIMOVIC, Pavel SMEK, Tibor SOS, Alex STRUGARIU, Michal SZKUDLAREK, Tigran TADEVOSYAN, David TARKHNISHVILI, Paul TIBU, Laura TIEMANN, Alfredo S. TOJAR, Vladimir TRAILIN, Benny TRAPP, Angelika & Siggi TROIDL, Boris & Sako TUNIYEV, Bert VANDEBOSCH, Ilan VELIKOV, Gert Jan VERSPUI, Martin VLCEK, Sven VOGLER, Martin WALDHAUSER, Henk WALLAYS, Wolfgang WALTER, Alexander WESTERSTRÖM, John WHITE, Tom WINTERS, Georg WOLFRAM, Wolfgang WÜSTER, Mohammad ZARRINTAB, Jochen ZAUNER, Mike ZAWADZKI, Jürgen ZERBE, Ugo ZILIANI, Michael ZILL, Oleksandr ZINENKO, Lydia ZWENG,


Thanks to (in alphabetical order) for providing the database with literature:

Mamdouh AKEF, Bahadir AKMAN, Natalija B. ANANJEVA, Steven C. ANDERSON, Franco ANDREONE, J.W. (Pim) ARNTZEN, Oscar ARRIBAS, Aziz AVCI, Gergely BABOCSAY, Malfada C. R. BARATA, Jean Pierre BARON, Adriana BELLATI, Wouter BEUKEMA, David BIRD, Gabriel BLOUIN-DEMERS, Serge BOGAERTS, Lucio BONATO, Simona BONELLI, Bartosz BORCZYK, Leo BORKIN, Roger BOUR, Jose C. BRITO, Mario F. BROGGI, Richard P. BROWN, David S. BROWN, Stephen D. BUSACK, Massimo CAPULA, Salvador CARRANZA, Augusto CATTANEO, Christina CATTANEO, Kerim CICEK, Dan COGALNICEANU, Luca CORNETTI, Pierre Andre CROCHET, Jose Javier CUERVO, Peter CUNNINGHAM, Michel DELAUGERRE, Massimo DELFINO, Igor DORONIN, Sebastian DUCHENE GARZON, Daniel ESCORIZA, Anat FELDMANN, Amina FELLOUS, Francesco FICETOLA, Michael FRANZEN, Daniel FRYNTA, Domenico FULGIONE, Georg GASSNER (NHMW), Richard GEMEL, Hanyeh GHAFFARI, Dieter GLANDT, Chris P. GLEED-OWEN, Helena GONÇALVES, Jose Enrique GONZÁLEZ FERNÁNDEZ, Mauro GRANO, Rolf GROSSHANS, Sladjana GVOZDENOVIC, Cornelius D. HAAN, Nastaran HEYDARI, Berislav HORVATIC, Daniel JABLONSKI, David JANDZIK, Ulrich JOGER, Matej KAUTMAN, Emre KESKIN, Azar KHOSRAVANI, Laszlo KRECSAK, Michael KRONIGER, Yusuf KUMLUTAS, Alan E. LEVITON, Spartak LITVINCHUK, Katarina LJUBISAVLJEVIC, Petros LYMBERAKIS, Gabriel Martinez MARMOL MARIN, Fernando MARTINEZ-FREIRIA, Rafaqat MASROOR, Jose Antonio MATEO, Tomas MAZUCH, Konrad MEBERT, Mohamed MEDIANI, Roger MEEK, Shai MEIRI, Daniel MELNIKOV, Margarita METALLINOU, Onoufrios METTOURIS, Andreas MEYER, Asghar MOBARAKI, Miguel MOLINA BORJA, Ivelin A. MOLLOV, Naeim MORADI, Jiri MORAVEC, Fida NASSAR, Harald NICOLAY, Göran NILSON, Andreas NÖLLERT, Claude NOTTEBAERT, Nurhayat ÖZDEMIR, Maciej PABIJAN, Panayiotis PAFILIS, James F. PARHAM, Franck PAYSANT, Johannes PENNER, Ana PERERA, Guillem PEREZ I DE LANUZA, Hans Dieter PHILIPPEN, Nikolay A. POYARKOV JR., Ana Maria PRIETO, Miklos PUKI, Robert Alexander PYRON, Nasrullah RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Edoardo RAZZETTI, Alan RESETAR, Evgeni ROITBERG, Herbert RÖSLER, Alexandre ROUX, Konstantinos SAGONAS, Daniele SALVI, Marco SANNOLO, Ulrich SCHEIDT, Uwe SCHLÜTER, Sebastian SCHOLZ, Alexandar SIMOVIC, Roberto SINDACO, Jiri SMID, Pritpal Singh SOORAE, Jeroen SPEYBROECK, Sebastian STEINFARTZ, Bo STILLE, Matthias STÖCK, Andrej STOJANOV, Ilias STRACHINIS, Anna SZTENCEL-JABLONKA, Zbigniew SZYNDLAR, Karin TAMAR, David TARKHNISHVILI, Pedro TARROSO, Zsolt TÖRÖK, Shannon TORSTROM, Tamas TOTH, Giedrius TRAKIMAS, Guiseppe Fabrizio TURRISI, Peter UETZ, Melita VAMBERGER, Miguel VENCES, Alberto VENCHI, Domenico VERDUCCI, Ed WADE, Philipp WAGNER, Yehudah Leopold WERNER, Geoffrey M. WHILE, Pieter de WIJER, Wolfgang WÜSTER, Mehmet YILDIZ, Francisco Javier ZAMORA CAMACHO, Mike ZAWADZKI, Oleksandr ZINENKO,