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Amphibians and Reptiles Database

Welcome to VipersGarden herpetological database!

The database is available in English language only.

At the moment the database contains 4317 pictures, representing 866 (91.9%) of total 942 species; 689 (73.1%) NCBI Taxon ID's (+ ssp., if available), and 11635 files related literature

To reduce the number of entries listed in the species-dropdown list, it is recommended to start with:
-> Class -> Family -> Species


Class:   Family:    Species:    

Here you may check the Amphibians and Reptile species occuring in a specific country:

Select Continent:    Select country:     

NEW! You may search for synonyms now:

 

This is the FREE version of the database! Registered users have access to PDF files, listed at each species. Please log in or register to the database, if you are interested in literature.

This list quotes all, in different literature used (sub)species of Amphibians and Reptiles, if accepted or not.
The area, covered by this list: complete geographical Europe, North Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt) the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Yemen) and the Near and Middle East (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran) as well as the Caucasus countries (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan).
Additional the most important synonyms, NCBI taxon ID's and references are given.


What´s added new:
New (sub)species, taxonomic changes, etc., last update: 2017-08-09 11:32:22

2017-08-08: "new" species added: Natrix helvetica
2017-08-06: Pics: Salamandra s. gallaica, Salamandra algira tingitana, Tropiocolotes bisharicus, Chalcides bedriagai "pistaciae"
2017-08-05: New species added: Ptyodactylus ruusaljibalicus


The 10 latest literature entries:
[2017-08-19] Busack, S.D. (1986): Biogeographic Analysis of the Herpetofauna Separated by the Formation of the Strait of Gibraltar.- NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC RESEARCH 2(1): 17- 36
[2017-08-19] García-Roa, R., J. Sáiz, B. Gómara, P. López & J. Martín (2017): Dietary constraints can preclude the expression of an honest chemical sexual signal.- Scientific reports 7: 6073: 7 pp.
[2017-08-19] Buc'Hoz, P.-J. (1771): Classe Troisieme. Des Amphibies, Reptiles et Serpens. pp. 121 - 124.- Aldrovandus Lotharingiae, ou Catalogue Animaux, Quadrupedes, Reptiles, ........; Fetil (Paris)
[2017-08-18] SCHOCH, R.R. & M.W. RASSER (2013): A NEW SALAMANDRID FROM THE MIOCENE RANDECK MAAR, GERMANY.- Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(1): 58–66
[2017-08-18] Cheylan, M. & F. Poitevin (2003): Les tortues du site de Lattara (IVe s. av. n. č.- IIe s. de n. č.). Intéręt archéozoologique et biologique.- Lattara 16: 137-145
[2017-08-18] CHEYLAN, M. & J. COURTIN (1976): LA CONSOMMATION DE LA TORTUE CISTUDE Emys orbicularis (L.) AU POST-CLACIAIRE DANS LA GROTTE DE FONTBREGOUA (SALERNES-VAR) .- BULL. MUS. HIST. NAT. MARSEILLE 36: 41 - 46
[2017-08-17] Komissarov, A., V. Korchagin, S. Kliver, P. Dobrynin, S. Semyenova, A. Vergun, S. O’Brien & A. Ryskov (2016): The complete mitochondrial genome of the parthenogenetic Caucasian rock lizard Darevskia unisexualis (Squamata: lacertidae) contains long tandem repeat formed by 59 bp monomer.- MITOCHONDRIAL DNA PART B: RESOURCES, 1(1): 875–877
[2017-08-17] Collin de Placy, V. (1877): CATALOGUEDES REPTILES ET BATRACIENS Du département de l'Aube ET ÉTUDE SUR LA DISTRIBUTION GÉOGRAPHIQUE Des Reptiles et Batraciens de l'Est de la France..- BULLETIN de la Société des Sciences historiques et naturelles de Semur 14: 33 - 74
[2017-08-17] MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA, F., P.-A. CROCHET, S. FAHD, PH. GENIEZ, J.C. BRITO & G. VELO-ANTÓN (2017): Integrative phylogeographic and ecological analyses reveal multiple Pleistocene refugia for Mediterranean Daboia vipers in north-west Africa.- Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 2017 (early view) 19 pp.
[2017-08-16] Schelkovnikov, A.B. (1911): BEOBACHTUNGEN AN REPTILIEN DES KREISES ARES, GOUV. ELISABETHPOL. (in russ. with german summ.).- Mitt. Kaukas. Museum 5: 217 - 242


PICTURES WANTED!

Contributors of pictures are welcome! Please download the info-form here.

Thanks to (in alphabetical order) for sharing pictures:

Gordon ACKERMANN, Beat AKERET, Ateah ALFAKIH, Stephane AUBRY, Michel AYMERICH, Gergely BABOCSAY, Thomas BADER, Marten v. d. BERG, Matthieu BERRONEAU, Wouter BEUKEMA, Herbert BILLING, Patrik BLOMSTEN, Serge BOGAERTS, Daniel BOHLE, Bobby BOK, Maciej BONK, Abdellah BOUAZZA, Vincenzo CAPUTO, Salvador CARRANZA, Vlad CIOFLEC, Jan DOHNAL, Gunter EHLERS, Alexander EPPLER, Mike ERIKZEN, Ömer ESER, Kevin ESSER, Amina FELLOUS, Erika FORVITH, Jürgen FROMMER, Cornelia GABLER, Sarig GAFNY, Luis GARCIA-CARDENETE, Andrew S. GARDNER, Jürgen GEBHART, Richard GEMEL, Philippe GENIEZ, Maarten GILBERT, Bayram GÖCMEN, Guillaume GOMARD, Rok GRZELJ, Ray HAMILTON, Guy HARRIS, David HEGNER, Berislav HORVATIC, Saeed HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, Guram IREMASHVILI, Soheila JAVANMARDI, Heidi JOST, Kamran KAMALI, Daniel KANE, Rami KHASHAB, Ingrid KOHL, Richard KOPECZKY, Guido KREINER, Paul LAMBOURNE, Barbod Safaei MAHROO, Gabriel Martinez del MARMOL MARIN, Tomas MAZUCH, Konrad MEBERT, Arie van der MEIJDEN, Shai MEIRI, Konstantin MILTO, David MODRY, Andreas MOELLER, Omid MOZAFFARI, John NEWBY, Andreas NÖLLERT, Peter OEFINGER, Torsten PANNER, Theodore PAPENFUSS, Mark PESTOV, Todd PIERSON, Rob PILLEY, Dmitri POLYAKOV, Patrick RANDALL, Maxim RHYZOV, Christoph RIEGLER, Alexandre ROUX, Enrique RUIZ, Jürgen SÄMANN, Soheil SAMI, Anja SANDER, Marco SANNOLO, Reza Babaei SAVASARI, Andre SCHMID, Sascha SCHMIDT, Willi SCHNEIDER, Sebastian SCHOLZ, Radek SEJKORA, Damien SHARJAH, Stanislav SHINKARENKO, Falk SIEGENTHALER, Maurizio SIGHELE, Aleksandar SIMOVIC, Pavel SMEK, Tibor SOS, Alex STRUGARIU, Michal SZKUDLAREK, Tigran TADEVOSYAN, David TARKHNISHVILI, Paul TIBU, Laura TIEMANN, Alfredo S. TOJAR, Vladimir TRAILIN, Benny TRAPP, Angelika & Siggi TROIDL, Boris & Sako TUNIYEV, Bert VANDEBOSCH, Ilan VELIKOV, Gert Jan VERSPUI, Martin VLCEK, Sven VOGLER, Martin WALDHAUSER, Henk WALLAYS, Wolfgang WALTER, Alexander WESTERSTRÖM, John WHITE, Tom WINTERS, Georg WOLFRAM, Wolfgang WÜSTER, Mohammad ZARRINTAB, Jochen ZAUNER, Mike ZAWADZKI, Jürgen ZERBE, Ugo ZILIANI, Michael ZILL, Oleksandr ZINENKO, Lydia ZWENG,


Thanks to (in alphabetical order) for providing the database with literature:

Mamdouh AKEF, Bahadir AKMAN, Natalija B. ANANJEVA, Steven C. ANDERSON, Franco ANDREONE, J.W. (Pim) ARNTZEN, Oscar ARRIBAS, Aziz AVCI, Gergely BABOCSAY, Malfada C. R. BARATA, Jean Pierre BARON, Adriana BELLATI, Wouter BEUKEMA, David BIRD, Gabriel BLOUIN-DEMERS, Serge BOGAERTS, Lucio BONATO, Simona BONELLI, Bartosz BORCZYK, Leo BORKIN, Roger BOUR, Jose C. BRITO, Mario F. BROGGI, Richard P. BROWN, David S. BROWN, Stephen D. BUSACK, Massimo CAPULA, Salvador CARRANZA, Augusto CATTANEO, Christina CATTANEO, Kerim CICEK, Dan COGALNICEANU, Luca CORNETTI, Pierre Andre CROCHET, Jose Javier CUERVO, Peter CUNNINGHAM, Michel DELAUGERRE, Massimo DELFINO, Igor DORONIN, Sebastian DUCHENE GARZON, Daniel ESCORIZA, Anat FELDMANN, Amina FELLOUS, Francesco FICETOLA, Michael FRANZEN, Daniel FRYNTA, Domenico FULGIONE, Georg GASSNER (NHMW), Richard GEMEL, Hanyeh GHAFFARI, Dieter GLANDT, Chris P. GLEED-OWEN, Helena GONÇALVES, Jose Enrique GONZÁLEZ FERNÁNDEZ, Mauro GRANO, Rolf GROSSHANS, Sladjana GVOZDENOVIC, Cornelius D. HAAN, Nastaran HEYDARI, Berislav HORVATIC, Daniel JABLONSKI, David JANDZIK, Ulrich JOGER, Matej KAUTMAN, Emre KESKIN, Azar KHOSRAVANI, Laszlo KRECSAK, Michael KRONIGER, Yusuf KUMLUTAS, Alan E. LEVITON, Spartak LITVINCHUK, Katarina LJUBISAVLJEVIC, Petros LYMBERAKIS, Gabriel Martinez MARMOL MARIN, Fernando MARTINEZ-FREIRIA, Rafaqat MASROOR, Jose Antonio MATEO, Tomas MAZUCH, Konrad MEBERT, Mohamed MEDIANI, Roger MEEK, Shai MEIRI, Daniel MELNIKOV, Margarita METALLINOU, Onoufrios METTOURIS, Andreas MEYER, Edvárd MIZSEI, Asghar MOBARAKI, Miguel MOLINA BORJA, Ivelin A. MOLLOV, Naeim MORADI, Jiri MORAVEC, Fida NASSAR, Harald NICOLAY, Göran NILSON, Andreas NÖLLERT, Claude NOTTEBAERT, Nurhayat ÖZDEMIR, Maciej PABIJAN, Panayiotis PAFILIS, James F. PARHAM, Franck PAYSANT, Ana PERERA, Guillem PEREZ I DE LANUZA, Hans Dieter PHILIPPEN, Nikolay A. POYARKOV JR., Ana Maria PRIETO, Johannes PSENNER, Miklos PUKI, Robert Alexander PYRON, Nasrullah RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Edoardo RAZZETTI, Alan RESETAR, Evgeni ROITBERG, Herbert RÖSLER, Alexandre ROUX, Konstantinos SAGONAS, Daniele SALVI, Marco SANNOLO, Ulrich SCHEIDT, Uwe SCHLÜTER, Sebastian SCHOLZ, Alexandar SIMOVIC, Roberto SINDACO, Jiri SMID, Pritpal Singh SOORAE, Jeroen SPEYBROECK, Sebastian STEINFARTZ, Bo STILLE, Matthias STÖCK, Andrej STOJANOV, Ilias STRACHINIS, Anna SZTENCEL-JABLONKA, Zbigniew SZYNDLAR, Karin TAMAR, David TARKHNISHVILI, Pedro TARROSO, Zsolt TÖRÖK, Shannon TORSTROM, Tamas TOTH, Giedrius TRAKIMAS, Guiseppe Fabrizio TURRISI, Peter UETZ, Melita VAMBERGER, Miguel VENCES, Alberto VENCHI, Domenico VERDUCCI, Ed WADE, Philipp WAGNER, Yehudah Leopold WERNER, Geoffrey M. WHILE, Pieter de WIJER, Wolfgang WÜSTER, Mehmet YILDIZ, Francisco Javier ZAMORA CAMACHO, Mike ZAWADZKI, Oleksandr ZINENKO,